Order „Crown of Romania“ [Ordin „Coroana României“]. 1st model (1881-1932), private manufacturing of a Grand Officer’s [Mare Ofiţer] breast star with diamonds, diam. 100,9 mm, bronze brillanté and silvered, centre silver gilt and enamels, surrounded by 16 old cut paste stones, with pin, this with an unidentified mark.
Gutes sehr schön / Good very fine.
(EUR 2’800 / USD 3’300)
On March 26, 1861, the Principality of Romania was declared independent from the Ottoman Empire and proclaimed a sovereign kingdom, and its ruler, Prince Karl of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen as King Carol I of Romania (1839-1914, reigning since 1866 as prince and since 1881 a king of Romania). On May 10, 1881, the day of his coronation, he instituted the five-class (Grand Cross, Grand Officer, Commander, Officer and Knight) order for civil and military merit, with the royal decrees no. 1244/10 V 1881 and 1245/10 V 1881 (1st model). On May 9, 1932, the order was reorganized and the design of the insigna was changed by King Carol II (1893-1953, reigned from 1930 until 1940) with royal decree no. 1590/9 V 1932 (2nd model). (See also: Weber, Wilhelm: König Karl I. - Schöpfer des modernen Rumäniens, Gründer des rumänischen Ordenswesens und Stifter des Ordens „Krone Rumäniens“. In: Orden und Ehrenzeichen, year 9 (2007), no. 48. P. 23-32.)