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SINCONA Auction 67 (2/2)  -  20.10.2020 18:00
World Orders and Decorations (Germany, Europe, Overseas, Lots 4501-4599)

Page 1 of 2 (99 Lots total)
Lot 4501
Order of Theresia. Cross for the ladies of the order, special edition with diamonds on the cipher „T“, probably manufacturing from the second half of the 19th century, gold and enamels, the cipher set with eight old cut diamonds and diamond roses, the surmounting crown silver gilt, total weight (with bow) 22.2 g, slight cracks, chipping and repairs in the white enamels of obverse and reverse, with old lady’s bow, without pin. OEK22 446.

Theresien-Orden. Kreuz der Ordensdamen, Ausgabe mit Diamanten im Monogramm „T“, Anfertigung wohl aus der zweiten Häfte des 19. Jahrhunderts, Gold emailliert, das Monogramm besetzt mit acht Diamanten in Altschliff und Diamantrosen, die Kronen-Überhöhung Silber vergoldet, Gesamtgewicht (mit Schleife) 22.2 g, min. Sprünge, Chips und Reparaturen in der weißen Emaille von Avers und Revers, an originaler alter Damenschleife, ohne Nadel. OEK22 446.
Sehr schön / Very fine.
(EUR 1’400 / USD 1’650)

The one-class, 2nd Bavarian order for ladies (after the Order of Saint Elisabeth) was instituted by Queen Therese of Bavaria (born Princess of Saxe-Hildburghausen, 1792-1854, since 1825 wife of King Ludwig I), on December 12, 1827 as an order for the „daughters of the Bavarian Nobility“ [Töchter des bayerischen Adels]. The order was given to 15 or 16 ordinary ladies of the order, who received an annual pension [Präbende] and to an unlimited number of ladies of honour of the order. According to the statutes, the ordinary insignia did not have diamonds, but from the beginning on there existed pieces with the cipher set with diamonds, and in rare cases also with the surmounting crown set in diamonds. The purpose of those is not known. With the end of monarchy in Bavaria in November 1918, the order ceeded to exist as an order of the State of Bavaria, but until today it is conferred as a female dynastical order of the Royal family of the Dukes of Bavaria.
; DEUTSCHE ORDEN UND EHRENZEICHEN; BAYERN, KURFÜRSTENTUM (BIS 1806) UND KÖNIGREICH (1806-1918);
; GERMAN ORDERS AND DECORATIONS; BAVARIA, ELECTORATE (UNTIL 1806) AND KINGDOM (1806-1918);
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Lot 4502
Royal Guelphic Order. 2nd edition (Hanoverian - 1837-1866), Military Commander 1st-class breast star, manufacturing by Friedrich Carl Büsch in Hanover from about 1860 until 1866, 72.1 x 72.1 mm, silver brillanté and repercé, centre gold, partly guilloché, and enamels, 83.5 g, with finest enamel painting, slight, nearly invisible enamel chips on the laurel leaves, swords silver, gold-plated, gold-plating on the reverse fixed with two hollow rivets, on the reverse manufacturer’s indication, with pin. OEK22 708.

Königlicher Welfen-Orden. 2. Ausgabe (hannoveranisch - 1837-1866), Bruststern zum militärischen Kommandeur 1. Klasse, Anfertigung der Firma Friedrich Carl Büsch in Hannover zwischen 1860 und 1866, 72,1 x 72,1 mm, Silber brillantiert und reperciert, Medaillon Gold, tlw. Guillochiert und emailliert, 83,5 g, mit feinster Emaille-Malerei, minimale, nahezu unsichtbare Emaille-Chips in den Lorbeerblättchen, die Schwerter Silber, Gold-plattiert, auf dem Revers befestigt mit jeweils zwei Hohlnieten, auf dem Revers Herstellerbezeichnung, an Nadel. OEK22 708.
Selten / Rare. Fast vorzüglich / About extremely fine.
(~€ 3’970/USD 4’670)

Rare breast star in splendid condition!
In consequence of the elevation of the Electorate of Hanover to a Kingdom by the Prince Regent George (1762-1830, Prince Regent from 1811 until 1820, King George IV since 1820) in the name of his father George III, King of Great Britain and Ireland, Elector of Hanover (1738-1820, reigned since 1760), he also instituted on August 12, 1815, the Royal Guelphic Order as a three-class (Knight Grand Cross, Knight Commander and Knight) order for civil and military merit. Thus, it was a royal order within the British system of orders of chivalry. With the end of the personal union between Great Britain and Hanover by the death of King William IV (1765-1837, reigned since 1830), the last male British Sovereign of the House of Hanover on the British throne, in 1837, the order in 1837 became a pure Hanoverian order under the reign of King Ernest [Ernst] August of Hanover (1771-1851, reigned since 1837). In 1841 new statutes were published. In 1866, due to the Prussian annexation of Hanover in 1866, the now four-class (de facto five classes - Grand Cross, Commander 1st and 2nd class, Knight and Member with a Silver Cross) order was abolished by the Prussian Government.
According to Klenau (in GK2 page II-220) between 1835 and 1865 only 59 1st-class military commanders were conferred to Hanoverians and 67 to foreigners.
; DEUTSCHE ORDEN UND EHRENZEICHEN; HANNOVER, KURFÜRSTENTUM (BIS 1815) UND KÖNIGREICH (1815-1866);
; GERMAN ORDERS AND DECORATIONS; HANOVER, ELECTORATE (UNTIL 1815) AND KINGDOM (1815-1866);
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Lot 4503
Order of Ernst August. 1st-model (with royal crowns and ducal hats between the cross arms), 2nd-edition (with „open“ crowns and ducal hats), 1st-class Commander set of insignia, manufacturing by Friedrich Carl Büsch in Hanover from 1866 until after 1868, consisting of: Commanders badge, 59.1 x 56.1 mm, gold, partly guilloché, and enamels, 32.3 g, with original old, not assembled but worn neck ribbon, and breast star, 70.9 x 68.6 mm, silver brillanté and repercé, centre gold, partly guilloché, and enamels, 64.4 g, on the reverse manufacturer’s indication, with pin, in its original, slightly rubbed case. OEK22 715, 716.

Ernst August-Orden. 1. Modell (mit königlichen Kronen und heraldischen Herzogshüten zwischen den Kreuzarmen), 2. Ausgabe (mit „ungefüllten“ Kronen und Herzogshüten), Komtur-Set 1. Klasse, Anfertigung der Firma Friedrich Carl Büsch in Hannover zwischen 1866 und 1868, bestehend aus: Komturkreuz, 59,1 x 56,1 mm, Gold, tlw. Guillochiert, emailliert, 32,3 g, mit originalem alten, nicht konfektionierten, jedoch getragenen Halsband, und Bruststern, 70,9 x 68,6 mm, Silber brillantiert und reperciert, Medaillon Gold, tlw. Guillochiert, emailliert, 64,4 g, auf dem Revers Herstellerangabe, an Nadel, im originalen, jedoch etwas beriebenen Verleihungsetui. OEK22 715, 716.
Sehr selten / Very rare. Fast vorzüglich / About extremely fine. (2)
(~€ 9’345/USD 10’990)

The five-class (Grand Cross, Commander 1st and 2nd class, Knight 1st and 2nd class, with annexed gold and silver cross for merit) Order for civil and military merit was instituted on December 15, 1865, by King George V of Hanover (1819-1878, reigned from 1851 until 1866), and named after his father King Ernest [Ernst] August of Hanover (1771-1851, reigned since 1837). After the order had been abolished by the Prussian Government in 1866 due to the Prussian annexation of the Kingdom of Hanover, King George V also in exile continued to confer this order in all classes, as well did his son and successor as head of the Royal House of Hanover, (Crown) Prince Ernst August of Hanover, 3rd Duke of Cumberland und Teviotdale und 3rd Earl of Armagh (1845-1923).
It is unknown when the change from filled to open crowns was effected. According to Klenau (in GK2 S. II-220) between 1866 and 1877 only 45 1st-class commander sets were conferred. According to Thies and Hapke (in TH page (46)), in this period 24 1st-class commander sets were conferred to Hanoverians, and 21 to foreigners.
; DEUTSCHE ORDEN UND EHRENZEICHEN; HANNOVER, KURFÜRSTENTUM (BIS 1815) UND KÖNIGREICH (1815-1866);
; GERMAN ORDERS AND DECORATIONS; HANOVER, ELECTORATE (UNTIL 1815) AND KINGDOM (1815-1866);
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Lot 4504
Princely House Order of Hohenzollern. 3rd model (since 1852), Cross for Merit in Silver [Verdienstkreuz in Silber] or Silver Cross for Merit [Silbernes Verdienstkreuz] (1910), silver, with original ribbon. OEK22 1007.

Fürstlicher Hausorden von Hohenzollern. 3. Modell (seit 1862), Verdienstkreuz in Silber bzw. Silbernes Verdienstkreuz (1910), Silber, am originalen Band. OEK22 1007.
Gutes sehr schön / Good very fine.
(~€ 465/USD 550)

According to Link and Gauggel (in LNK p. 123) the Silver Cross for Merit was conferred by Prince Wilhelm (1864-1927, „reigning“ prince since 1905) between 1910 and 1927 120 times, and by Prince Friedrich (1891-1965, „reigning“ prince since 1927) between 1927 and 1965 only 51 times, so that in total only 171 of these crosses were conferred.
The originally only two-class (1st and 2nd class, with an affiliated medal in gold and silver) order, named Princely House Order of Hohenzollern in 1842, was established on December 5, 1841, by Prince Friedrich Wilhelm Constantin von Hohenzollern-Hechingen (1801-1869, reigned from 1838 until 1849) and by Prince Carl von Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen (1785-1853, reigned from 1831 until 1848). After the two Hohenzollern principalities had become Prussian territory in 1849, the order continued to be conferred as a house order.
The following decades brought numerous amendments and extensions. With the statutes’ addendum of June 6, 1910, the Cross for Merit in Gold and in Silver were introduced. Apparently, with the death of Prince Friedrich in 1965 the order ceeded to be conferred outside the princely family.
; DEUTSCHE ORDEN UND EHRENZEICHEN; FÜRSTENTUM VON HOHENZOLLERN (BIS 1849) UND FÜRSTENHAUS VON HOHENZOLLERN (SEIT 1849 RESP. 1869);
; GERMAN ORDERS AND DECORATIONS; FÜRSTENTUM VON HOHENZOLLERN (BIS 1849) UND FÜRSTENHAUS VON HOHENZOLLERN (SEIT 1849 RESP. 1869);
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Lot 4505
Bailiwick Brandenburg of the Chivalric Order of Saint John of the Hospital of Jerusalem (Johanniter Order). Neck cross of the Knights of Justice, German manufacturing probably from the 1920ies or 1930ies, bronze gilt and enamels, enamel repairs in some tips of the cross, with replaced new neck ribbon. OEK22 1801.

Balley Brandenburg des Ritterlichen Ordens St. Johannis vom Spital zu Jerusalem (Johanniter-Orden). Halskreuz der Rechtsritter, deutsche Anfertigung wohl der 1920er oder 1930er Jahre, Bronze vergoldet und emailliert, Emaille-Reparaturen in einigen Kreuzarm-Spitzen, am ergänzten neuen Halsband. OEK22 1801.
Gutes sehr schön / Good very fine.
(~€ 95/USD 110)

• Dieses Los unterliegt bei Auslieferung in der Schweiz der Margenbesteuerung gemäss MWSTG 24a (22.5% Aufgeld inkl. Gesetzlicher Mehrwertsteuer)
• When delivered in Switzerland, this lot is subject to the margin taxation scheme in accordance with article 24a of the Federal Act on Value Added Tax (22.5% buyer’s premium incl. Statutory VAT).
; DEUTSCHE ORDEN UND EHRENZEICHEN; PREUSSEN, KÖNIGREICH (1701-1918);
; GERMAN ORDERS AND DECORATIONS; PRUSSIA, KINGDOM (1701-1918);




Dieses Los unterliegt bei Auslieferung in der Schweiz der Margenbesteuerung gemäss MWSTG 24a (22.5% Aufgeld inkl. gesetzlicher Mehrwertsteuer)

When delivered in Switzerland, this lot is subject to the margin taxation scheme in accordance with article 24a of the Federal Act on Value Added Tax (22.5% buyer’s premium incl. statutory VAT)
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Lot 4506
Order of the Red Eagle. 2nd model (eagle to the left - 1810-1829), jeweller’s manufacturing of a 1st-class breast star, 2nd edition (with the Hohenzollern arms on the eagle’s chest!), diam. 80.8 mm, silber brillanté, centre silver and enamels, with applications in gold and enamels, 47.1 g, the centre rotated about 100 degrees to the left, on the reverse with scratching „g5 mv“, with pin. OEK22 1599/3.

Roter Adler-Orden. 2. Modell (mit nach links gewandtem Adler - 1810-1829), Juweliersanfertigung eines Bruststerns zur 1. Klasse, 2. Ausgabe (mit Hohenzollern-Wappen auf der Brust des Adlers!), Durchmesser 80,8 mm, Silber brillantiert, Medaillon Silber emailliert, mit Auflagen in Gold emailliert, 47,1 g, das Medaillon um ca. 100 Grad nach links verdreht, auf dem Revers mit Einritzung „g5 mv“, an Nadel. OEK22 1599/3.
Sehr selten / Very rare. Gutes sehr schön / Good very fine.
(~€ 6’540/USD 7’690)

After the unification of the United Markgravates Brandenburg-Bayreuth and Brandenburg-Ansbach with the Kingdom of Prussia in 1792, also the Brandenburg Order of the Red Eagle [Brandenburgischer Orden vom Roten Adler] became, according to the suggestion of Carl August Freiherr von Hardenberg (1750-1822, since 1814 Fürst von Hardenberg), a one-class royal Prussian order (1st model). In 1810, during the reign of King Friedrich Wilhelm III (1770-1840, reigned since 1797), new statutes were issued, thus transforming the order into a three-class (1st to 3rd class, with annexed gold and silver medal) order for civil and military merit, the insignia showing a red eagle to the left (the so called Brandenburg eagle) without the Hohenzollern shield on the chest (2nd model). The first class, to be worn with a sash ribbon, was conferred with an embroidered breast star. But as a matter of fact, there exist embroidered breast stars with eagles turned sideways without and with the Hohenzollern shield on the chest, and it cannot be said if the latter ones belong to the 1st or to the 2nd model.
Due to the fact that embroidered breast stars were quite difficult to handle, especially for military officers, holders of the 1st class were allowed to order and buy at their own cost privately manufactured metal breast stars from jewellers, so-called Juweliers-Anfertigungen [jeweller’s manufacturings]. Of them exist as well pieces without and with Hohenzollern shields on the chest of the eagle. (See also KB3 pages 84 to 87.)
; DEUTSCHE ORDEN UND EHRENZEICHEN; PREUSSEN, KÖNIGREICH (1701-1918);
; GERMAN ORDERS AND DECORATIONS; PRUSSIA, KINGDOM (1701-1918);
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Lot 4507
Golden Wedding Medal (1879). Medal 1st class, bronze gilt and enamels, with small ribbon in its original case. OEK22 1857.

Goldene Hochzeitmedaille (1879). Medaille 1. Klasse, Bronze vergoldet und tlw. Emailliert, am Miniaturbändchen, im originalen Verleihungsetui. OEK22 1857.
Gutes sehr schön / Good very fine.
(~€ 560/USD 660)

On June 11, 1879, Wilhelm I (1797-1888, reigned since 1861 as king and since 1871 as Emperor), King of Prussia, German Emperor, and his consort, Queen and Empress Augusta (1811-1890), born Princess of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, celebrated their Golden Wedding. In commemoration of the festivities, King and Emperor Wilhelm I on August 11, 1879, instituted a three-class (1st to 3rd class) medal. The medal 1st class was intended for the guests and the family members. According to Hessenthal and Schreiber (in HS p. 117, no. 4061) the embossing stamps for the medals were made by the court medallist Friedrich Wilhelm Kullrich (1821-1887). According to them, too, only 100 medals 1st class were struck.
; DEUTSCHE ORDEN UND EHRENZEICHEN; PREUSSEN, KÖNIGREICH (1701-1918);
; GERMAN ORDERS AND DECORATIONS; PRUSSIA, KINGDOM (1701-1918);
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Lot 4508
Ducal Saxon-Ernestine House Order. 2nd model (without ciphers on the upper cross arm - 1864-1935), Commander 1st class [Komtur 1. Klasse], breast star for civil merit (with oak leaves’ wreath), diam. 86.9 mm, silver, the star made of four pieces soldered together, centre gold and enamels, with pin. OEK22 2368.

Herzoglich Sachsen-Ernestinischer Hausorden. 2. Modell (ohne Monogramme auf dem oberen Kreuzarm - 1864-1935), Stern zum Komtur 1. Klasse für Zivilverdienst (mit Eichenblatt-Kranz), Durchmesser 86,9 mm, Silber, gefertigt aus vier zusammengelöteten Strahlenkörpern, Medaillon Gold tlw. Emailliert, Chips in der grünen Emaille, an Nadel. OEK22 2368.
Gutes sehr schön / Good very fine.
(~€ 1’870/USD 2’200)

Instituted on December 25, 1833, as originally four-class (Grand Cross, Commander 1st and 2nd class and Knight, with affiliated Cross of Merit and Medal of Merit), joint house order for civil and military merit by Friedrich, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg (1763-1834, reigned since 1787), Ernst, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (1784-1844, reigned since 1806), and Bernhard II, Erich Freund, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen (1800-1882, reigned from 1803 until1866), in commemoration of the Order of the German Honesty [Orden der Teutschen Redlichkeit], instituted in 1690 by Duke Friedrich of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (1646-1691, reigned since 1675). Every Duchy had its own type of insignia, showing the reigning duke’s cipher on the upper cross arm (1st model). In 1864 this differentiation was abolished, and so the insignia were standardized, and the collar of the order, the Knights Cross 2nd class and the Gold Medal for Merit were introduced (2nd model). As the order was a house order of the Saxe-Ernestine Ducal families, also after the collapse of monarchy, Duke Carl Eduard of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (1884-1954, reigned from 1905 until 1918) continued to confer it until 1935, when the bestowals were prohibited by the German Government. Today the order is awarded again as a house order by the Prince and head of the ducal family of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, probably only in its Grand Cross class, at an unknown date upon King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden (born 1946, reigning since 1973).
; DEUTSCHE ORDEN UND EHRENZEICHEN; SÄCHSISCHE HERZOGTÜMER, ZUSAMMEN;
; GERMAN ORDERS AND DECORATIONS; SAXON DUCHIES, TOGETHER;
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Lot 4509
Ducal Saxon-Ernestine House Order. 2nd model (without ciphers on the upper cross arm - 1864-1935), Commander’s [Komtur] Cross for military merit (with laurel wreath!) without swords (!), gold and enamels, 38.2 g, with old, but later, partly lightened neck ribbon cut. OEK22 2367.

Herzoglich Sachsen-Ernestinischer Hausorden. 2. Modell (ohne Monogramme auf dem oberen Kreuzarm - 1864-1935), Komturkreuz für Militärverdienst (mit Lorbeerkranz!) ohne Schwerter, Gold emailliert, 38,2 g, am späteren, jedoch alten, tlw. Ausgebleichten Halsband-Abschnitt. OEK22 2367.
Gutes sehr schön / Good very fine.
(~€ 1’870/USD 2’200)

The order’s statutes of December 25, 1833, in article 14 clearly define that the insignia conferred for military merit should bear laurel wreaths around the centre and crossed swords through the centre. Despite this prescription, in all classes some insignia for military merit were conferred only with laurel wreath, but without crossed swords through the centre. There is no prescriptive evidence for this practice. It can only be speculated that these crosses from an unknown date were conferred upon commissioned officers who did not win it for service in direct war action.
; DEUTSCHE ORDEN UND EHRENZEICHEN; SÄCHSISCHE HERZOGTÜMER, ZUSAMMEN;
; GERMAN ORDERS AND DECORATIONS; SAXON DUCHIES, TOGETHER;
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Lot 4510
Order of the Westfalian Crown [Ordre de la Couronne de Westfalie]. Size-reduced reduction of a 1st-class knight’s badge, edition with lion to the right and eagle’s head to the left, 34.1 x 26.3 mm, gold engraved and ciselé, and enamels, 8.2 g, without ribbon.

Orden der Westfälischen Krone. Größenreduzierte Reduktion einer Ritter-Dekoration 1. Klasse, Ausgabe mit Löwe auf der rechten Seite und Kopf des Adlers nach links gewandt, 34,1 x 26,3 mm, Gold graviert und feinst ziseliert, tlw. Emailliert, 8,2 g, ohne Band.
Fast vorzüglich / About extremely fine.
(~€ 6’540/USD 7’690)

Excellently elaborated size-reduced reduction!
; DEUTSCHE ORDEN UND EHRENZEICHEN; WESTPHALEN, KÖNIGREICH (1807-1813);
; GERMAN ORDERS AND DECORATIONS; WESTPHALIA, KINGDOM (1807-1813);
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Lot 4511
Miniature Chain, probably of a Medical Surgeon originating from Wurttemberg, with four Miniatures: 1) Kingdom of Wurttemberg: Charlotte Cross [Charlottenkreuz], silver; 2) Kingdom of Prussia: Red Cross Medal 3rd class [Rote Kreuz Medaille 3. Klasse], bronze; 3) Grand duchy of Baden: Cross for Voluntary War Aid [Kreuz für freiwillige Kriegshilfe], bronze gilt; 4) Kingdom of Serbia: Order of Saint Sava [Op Ceo Cae], 1st model (on the reverse cipher of Milan I - 1883-1901), cross 4th class, silver gilt and enamels, enamel painting. Mounted on a miniature chain with two small hooks. In addition a miniature of a knight’s cross [Cavaliere] of the Royal Italian Order of the Crown of Italy [Ordine della Corona d’Italia], silver gilt, the centres gold, and enamels, with ribbon.

Miniaturenkettchen wohl eines württembergischen Arztes mit vier Auszeichnungsminiaturen: 1) Königreich Württemberg: Charlottenkreuz, Silber; 2) Königreich Preußen: Rote Kreuz Medaille 3. Klasse, Bronze: 3) Groherzogtum Baden: Kreuz für freiwillige Kriegshilfe (1916), Bronze vergoldet; 4) Königreich Serbien: Sankt Sava-Orden [Op Ceo Cae], 1. Modell (auf dem Revers Monogramm Milans I. - 1883-1901), Kreuz 4. Klasse, Silber vergoldet und emailliert, Emaille-Malerei. Am Kettchen mit zwei Häkchen. Dazu: Königreich Italien: Orden der Krone von Italien [Ordine della Corona d’Italia], Miniatur des Ritterkreuzes [Cavaliere], Silber vergoldet, Medaillons Gold, emailliert, am Bändchen.
Gutes sehr schön / Good very fine. (5)
(~€ 95/USD 110)

• Dieses Los unterliegt bei Auslieferung in der Schweiz der Margenbesteuerung gemäss MWSTG 24a (22.5% Aufgeld inkl. Gesetzlicher Mehrwertsteuer)
• When delivered in Switzerland, this lot is subject to the margin taxation scheme in accordance with article 24a of the Federal Act on Value Added Tax (22.5% buyer’s premium incl. Statutory VAT).
; DEUTSCHE ORDEN UND EHRENZEICHEN; DIVERSES;
; GERMAN ORDERS AND DECORATIONS; MISCELLANEA;




Dieses Los unterliegt bei Auslieferung in der Schweiz der Margenbesteuerung gemäss MWSTG 24a (22.5% Aufgeld inkl. gesetzlicher Mehrwertsteuer)

When delivered in Switzerland, this lot is subject to the margin taxation scheme in accordance with article 24a of the Federal Act on Value Added Tax (22.5% buyer’s premium incl. statutory VAT)
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Lot 4512
Imperial Austrian Order of Franz Joseph. 2nd-model (about 1860 until 1918), 1st-edition (in gold - until 1916), Knight’s cross, manufacturing of Vincent Mayer’s Söhne in Vienna between 1866 and 1916, edition with „unfilled“ imperial crown, 750/000 gold and enamels, on the ring manufacturer’s indicaction and Vienna hallmark from 1866 until 1922 (3 chamois A), reverse centre can be opened, with original old triangular ribbon. BWK1 668.

Kaiserlich Österreichischer Franz Joseph-Orden. 2. Modell (ca. 1860 bis 1918), 1. Ausgabe (in Gold - bis 1916), Ritterkreuz, Anfertigung der Firma Vincent Mayer’s Söhne in Wien zwischen 1866 und 1916, Ausführung mit nicht emaillierter Kaiserkrone, 750/000 Gold emailliert, auf dem Ring Herstellerbezeichnung und Wiener Goldpunze zwischen 1866 und 1922 (3 Gamskopf A), das Revers-Medaillon kann geöffnet werden, am originalen alten Dreiecksband. BWK1 668.
Fast vorzüglich / About extremely fine.
(~€ 465/USD 550)

• Dieses Los unterliegt bei Auslieferung in der Schweiz der Margenbesteuerung gemäss MWSTG 24a (22.5% Aufgeld inkl. Gesetzlicher Mehrwertsteuer)
• When delivered in Switzerland, this lot is subject to the margin taxation scheme in accordance with article 24a of the Federal Act on Value Added Tax (22.5% buyer’s premium incl. Statutory VAT).

The originally three-class (Grand Cross, Commander and Knight) order for civil and military merit was established on December 2, 1849, by Emperor Franz Joseph I (1830-1916, reigned since 1848) on occasion of the one-year jubilee of his accession to the throne. With statute amendment of December 25, 1850, the class of Commander was divided into Commander with Star [Komtur mit Stern] and Commander [Komtur]. By February 1, 1901, the class of Officer [Offizier] was created, situated between Commander and Knight, so that the order now - as only Austrian order - had five classes. With special decree dated September 14 and December 31, 1914, for the Knights and Commanders, the war ribbon (of the cross for military merit) was introduced for war merit. For the Officer’’s cross, this was introduced in form of a rosette behind the cross on January 10, 1915, and for the Grand Cross only on August 1, 1917. Already on August 13, 1916, the war decorations for the breast stars were introduced, and so were, on December 13, 1916, the swords for all classes. With the renouncement of Emperor and King Karl I (1887-1922, reigned from 1916 until 1918 as Emperor Karl I of Austria, as King Károly IV of Hungary and Croatia and as King Karel III of Bohemia) from state affairs on November 11, 1918, for Austria and on November 13, 1918, for Hungary, the conferring of the Imperial awards ended. With the proclamation of the Republic of Austria on November 12, 1918, the monarchy and all its symbols, among which also the orders of chivalry and decorations, were de facto abolished. This was confirmed by law of April 3, 1919 [„Gesetz vom 3. April 1919 über die Aufhebung des Adels, der weltlichen Ritter- und Damenorden und gewisser Titel und Würden“], which in its § 5 declares „that the orders of chivalry and the ladies’ orders . . . are abolished“. This law, with some amendments, is still in force until present.
; EUROPÄISCHE ORDEN, EHRENZEICHEN UND MEDAILLEN; ÖSTERREICH, KAISERREICH (1804-1918);
; EUROPEAN ORDERS, DECORATIONS AND MEDALS; AUSTRIA, EMPIRE (1804-1918);




Dieses Los unterliegt bei Auslieferung in der Schweiz der Margenbesteuerung gemäss MWSTG 24a (22.5% Aufgeld inkl. gesetzlicher Mehrwertsteuer)

When delivered in Switzerland, this lot is subject to the margin taxation scheme in accordance with article 24a of the Federal Act on Value Added Tax (22.5% buyer’s premium incl. statutory VAT)
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Lot 4513
Order of Dannebrog [Dannebrog-Ordenen]. Shorter collar of the order consisting of 26 „cross“-, 13 „W“- and 13 „C5“ links, silver cast and gilt, the crosses with so-called „cold enamel“ on both sides, 163.4 g, one „C5“ link with a hook. BWK2 168.
Gutes sehr schön / Good very fine.
(~€ 3’740/USD 4’395)

The order of Dannebrog was established on October 12, 1671 by King Christian V (1646-1699, reigned since 1670) as a renovation of an older order of knighthood, established by King Waldemar II (1170-1241, reigned since 1202) in 1219. Originally consisting of only one class, King Frederik VI of Denmark and Norway (1768-1839, reigned since 1808) enlarged the order on June 28, 1808, to four classes. Further amendments were instituted by the succeeding kings until present days.
There exist two types of collars for the order before 1808 and for the Grand Crosses after 1808, the longer ones consisting of 32 „cross“-, 16 „W“- and 16 „C5“ links, and the shorter ones consisting of 26 „cross“-, 13 „W“- and 13 „C5“ links.
; EUROPÄISCHE ORDEN, EHRENZEICHEN UND MEDAILLEN; DÄNEMARK, KÖNIGREICH;
; EUROPEAN ORDERS, DECORATIONS AND MEDALS; DENMARK, KINGDOM;
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Lot 4514
Sovereign Military Order of St. John of Jerusalem, Knights of Malta. Grand Cross set of insignia, manufacturing of A. Chobillon in Paris, consisting of: sash badge, bronze gilt and enamels, ribbon ring with manufacturer’s mark, without sash ribbon, and breast star, silvered, partly gilt, and enamels, with slight hairline cracks, with pin, this with manufacturer’s mark.
Gutes sehr schön / Good very fine. (2)
(~€ 95/USD 110)

• Dieses Los unterliegt bei Auslieferung in der Schweiz der Margenbesteuerung gemäss MWSTG 24a (22.5% Aufgeld inkl. Gesetzlicher Mehrwertsteuer)
• When delivered in Switzerland, this lot is subject to the margin taxation scheme in accordance with article 24a of the Federal Act on Value Added Tax (22.5% buyer’s premium incl. Statutory VAT).

These seem to be insignia of the „oecumenical“ order under the protection of the late King of Yougoslavia, Petar [Peter] II. Karaorevi (1923-1970, reigned from 1934/1941-1941/1943).
; EUROPÄISCHE ORDEN, EHRENZEICHEN UND MEDAILLEN; MALTA, PSEUDOORDEN;
; EUROPEAN ORDERS, DECORATIONS AND MEDALS; MALTA, PSEUDO ORDERS;




Dieses Los unterliegt bei Auslieferung in der Schweiz der Margenbesteuerung gemäss MWSTG 24a (22.5% Aufgeld inkl. gesetzlicher Mehrwertsteuer)

When delivered in Switzerland, this lot is subject to the margin taxation scheme in accordance with article 24a of the Federal Act on Value Added Tax (22.5% buyer’s premium incl. statutory VAT)
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Lot 4515
Royal Norwegian Order of Saint Olav [Kongelige Norsk St. Olavsorden]. 1st model (with royal cipher of king Oscar I between the cross arms - 1847-1906), grand cross breast star, 75.6 x 74.6 mm, manufacturing of Carlman in Stockholm between 1860 and 1882, silver brillanté, gold and enamels, 54.3 g, some hairline cracks in the white enamels, with pin. BWK3 74.
Sehr selten / Very rare. Gutes sehr schön / Good very fine.
(~€ 4’675/USD 5’495)

The originally three-class (Grand Cross, Commander and Knight) order for civil and military merit was instituted by King Oscar I of Sweden and Norway (1799-1859, reigned since 1844) for the Kingdom of Norway in Union with Sweden. According to Hallberg (Hallberg, Harald: Norske dekorasjoner - Tildelt med bånd til å bæres på uniform eller sivilt antrekk. Without place 2010. Pages 35 and 36) between 1860 and 1882 a total number of 279 were awarded to Norwegians, Swedes and foreigners. But due to the strict return obligations of the insignia after the holder’s death - they were conferred again - the number of pieces actually produced is much smaller, and the number of pieces available today even smaller.
; EUROPÄISCHE ORDEN, EHRENZEICHEN UND MEDAILLEN; NORWEGEN, KÖNIGREICH, UNION MIT SCHWEDEN (BIS 1905);
; EUROPEAN ORDERS, DECORATIONS AND MEDALS; KINGDOM OF NORWAY, UNION WITH SWEDEN (UNTIL 1905);
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Lot 4516
Order „Crown of Romania“ [Ordin „Coroana României“]. 1st model (1881-1932), private manufacturing of a Grand Officer’s [Mare Ofiţer] breast star with diamonds, diam. 100,9 mm, bronze brillanté and silvered, centre silver gilt and enamels, surrounded by 16 old cut paste stones, with pin, this with an unidentified mark.
Gutes sehr schön / Good very fine.
(EUR 2’800 / USD 3’300)

On March 26, 1861, the Principality of Romania was declared independent from the Ottoman Empire and proclaimed a sovereign kingdom, and its ruler, Prince Karl of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen as King Carol I of Romania (1839-1914, reigning since 1866 as prince and since 1881 a king of Romania). On May 10, 1881, the day of his coronation, he instituted the five-class (Grand Cross, Grand Officer, Commander, Officer and Knight) order for civil and military merit, with the royal decrees no. 1244/10 V 1881 and 1245/10 V 1881 (1st model). On May 9, 1932, the order was reorganized and the design of the insigna was changed by King Carol II (1893-1953, reigned from 1930 until 1940) with royal decree no. 1590/9 V 1932 (2nd model). (See also: Weber, Wilhelm: König Karl I. - Schöpfer des modernen Rumäniens, Gründer des rumänischen Ordenswesens und Stifter des Ordens „Krone Rumäniens“. In: Orden und Ehrenzeichen, year 9 (2007), no. 48. P. 23-32.)
; EUROPÄISCHE ORDEN, EHRENZEICHEN UND MEDAILLEN; RUMÄNIEN, KÖNIGREICH (1881-1947);
; EUROPEAN ORDERS, DECORATIONS AND MEDALS; ROMANIA, KINGDOM (1881-1947);
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Lot 4517
Order of the Saint Prince Wladimir, equal to the Apostles [Имперáторский орден Свяатого Равноапостольного Князя Владимира]. Cross 1st grade, manufacturing of Julius „Ivan“ Keibel in St. Petersburg between 1862 and 1882, 57.9 x 52.7 mm, 583/000 gold and enamels, 26.5 g, enamel painting, under the red enamels of the reverse upper cross arm mark for the court suppliers from 1840 to 1917, and under the red enamels of the reverse lower cross arm master’s mark „IK“, on the loop St. Petersburg hallmark for 56 zolotnik until 1898, some enamel scratches on the reverse, without ribbon. BWK4 694.
Gutes sehr schön, schön-sehr schön / Good very fine, fine-very fine.
(~€ 6’540/USD 7’690)

Julius (Ivan) Eduard Keibel (1825-1882) had started as apprentice in the company of his father Johann Wilhelm Keibel (1788-1862) and was promoted to master goldsmith in 1844. After his father’s death in 1862, he took over his company and continued the exclusive relationship to the Chapter of the Orders. After his death in 1882, his son Albert Konstantin Keibel (1854-1910) took over the firm.
The four-grade (1st to 4th grade) order for long service of civil servants was instituted by Empress Catherine II The Great (1729-1796, reigned since 1762) on the occasion of her 20-years jubilee of reign. The order was named after Vladimir I. Swjatoslawitch [Владимир Святославич] (about 960 until 1015), called The Great, from 970 to 988 Prince of Novgorod and since about 978/980 Grand Duke of the Kiev Rus, who among others had initiated Christianisation. He is venerated in the Orthodox Church as a Saint, as well as in the Catholic church.
The conferring of the 1st class required the high 2nd court ranking class. In all classes hereditary nobility was also conferred to Russians and to foreigners in Russian service. During the reign of Paul I (1754-1801, reigned since 1796) the order was not conferred. His son and successor Alexander I (1777-1825, reigned since 1809) by manifest of December 12, 1801, restored the order, which then continued to be conferred. Due to the end of the Russian Monarchy in February 1917 also the Order of Saint Vladimir ended to be conferred, and in November 1917 the order was juridically abolished together with the other Russian Imperial orders by a decree of the Bolshevik Government.
; EUROPÄISCHE ORDEN, EHRENZEICHEN UND MEDAILLEN; RUSSLAND, KAISERREICH (BIS 1917);
; EUROPEAN ORDERS, DECORATIONS AND MEDALS; RUSSIA, EMPIRE (UNTIL 1917);
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Lot 4518
Jeton of The Society of the Standard Bearers of the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour on occasion of the renovation and re-consecration of the so-called „Kutuzovs Hut“ in Fili on September 1, 1887 (O.S.). 47.1 x 31.2 mm, silver, without any marks.
Gutes sehr schön / Good very fine.
(~€ 325/USD 385)

By command of The Society of the Standard Bearers of the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour [Храм Христа Спасителя] in Moscow, recognized by the highest authority, these jetons were issued on occasion of the renovation and re-consecration of the so-called Kutuzovs Hut in Fili on September 1, 1887 (O.S.). It was probably manufactured in the workshops of an orthodox convent (Sagorsk?) as it does not bear any marks.
The village of Fili, today part of Moscow, was situated on the street from Moscow west-ward to Borodino, where, during the Patriotic War [Отечественная война] of 1812 the on August 26 (O.S.) [September 6 (N.S.)] 1812, the battle of Borodino, one of the bloodiest of the 19th century, took place. The defending Imperial Russian Army of about 120,000 men, led by General Commander-in-Chief Mikhail Illarionovich Golenishchev-Kutuzov (1745-1813), and the invading French Grande Armée of about 130,000 men, led by Emperor Napoléon I (1769-1821, reigned from 1804 until 1814/1815) himself. The battle, with at the end about 39,000 to 45,000 casualties on the Russian side and about 30,000 to 35,000 on the French side, due to the retreat of the Russians, led to a tactical victory of Napoléon I. After the Russian retreat General Field Marshal (since August 31 (O.S.) [September 11 (.N.S.)]) Kutuzov’s staff met in a little hut in Fili, where on September 1 (O.S.) [12 (N.S.)], Kutozov took the final decision to evacuate Moscow, and to entice the Grande Armée to invade the open city. This decision led to the initiation of the decline of the Grande Armée due to the lack of replenishment and the Great Fire of the city, so that Napoléon was forced to give by mid-October the order for withdrawal of his forces from Moscow.
After the Battle of Krasnoi [Сражение под Красным] near Smolensk from November 3 (O.S.) [15 (N.S.]) to 6 (O.S.) [18 N.S.] 1812, victorious for the Russians, Emperor Alexander [Александр Павлович] I (1777-1825, reigned since 1801) elevated Kutuzov to Knyaz [Prince] Golenischev-Kutuzov-Smolensky [князь Голенищев-Кутузов-Смоленский] with the Stile of His Serene Highness [Светлейший князь]. He died on April 16 (O.S.) [28 (N.S.)] 1813 in Bunzlau (today Bolesawiec in western Poland) and was burried in the Kazan Kathedral [Казанский кафедральный собор] in Sankt Petersburg.
After Kutuzov’s death the hut was consecrated to a church as a memorial of his fundamental decision leading to the Russian victory in the Patriotic War. In occasion of 75 years jubilee of this decision, the hut was renovated and re-consecrated by the Metropolitan [Митрополит] and Archbishop of Moscow Joannice (born Ivan Maksimovich Rudnev [Иван Максимович Руднев] - 1826-1900, Metropolitan of Moscow from 1882 until 1891).
; EUROPÄISCHE ORDEN, EHRENZEICHEN UND MEDAILLEN; RUSSLAND, KAISERREICH (BIS 1917);
; EUROPEAN ORDERS, DECORATIONS AND MEDALS; RUSSIA, EMPIRE (UNTIL 1917);
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Lot 4519
Royal Order of the Northern Star [Kungliga Nordstjärneorden]. Order’s collar, type with „closed“ crowns, manufacturing by C. F. Carlman in Stockholm, consisting of 10 „FF“-links (one as a closing link and one as a link for wearing), and 10 „star“ links, silver gilt and enamels, the white enamels of the stars mostly spotted, with grand cross badge, silver gilt, centres gold, and enamels, star of the centre on obverse and reverse with damages and repairs, two cross arms with bad repairs on the reverse, total weight 384.8 g, in its original octogonal case of Carlman. BWK4 234, 235.
Gutes sehr schön, schön / Good very fine, fine.
(~€ 3’740/USD 4’395)

On February 23, 1748, King Frederik I of Sweden (1676-1751, since 1720 King of Sweden, since 1730 also Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel) established the originally two-class (commanders and knights) order together with the Order of the Seraphim and the Royal Order of the Sword [Kungliga Svärdsorden]. In 1762 King Gustav III (1746-1792, reigned since 1771) established the order’s collar for the commanders. King Oscar I (1799-1859, reigned since 1844) in 1844 established the grand cross class, called „Commander with Grand Cross“ [kommandör med storkors] and transferred the collar to this highest class. With resolution of the Swedish parliament of June 6, 1973, the conferring of the order on Swedish subjects was abolished, thus the collar ceeded to exist. On August 1, 1995, the order, reserved for foreigners only, received new statutes.
; EUROPÄISCHE ORDEN, EHRENZEICHEN UND MEDAILLEN; SCHWEDEN, KÖNIGREICH;
; EUROPEAN ORDERS, DECORATIONS AND MEDALS; SWEDEN, KINGDOM;
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Lot 4520
Group of seven (of originally eight) awards, mounted as worn: 1) Kingdom of Italy: Order of the Crown of Italy [Ordine della Corona d’Italia], knight’s cross [cavaliere], gold and enamels; 2) Sweden: Olympic medal Gustav V [Gustav V Olymposka medalj], silver, with engraver’s name „A.LINDENBERG“; 3) French Republic: National Order of the Legion of Honour [Ordre National de la Légion d’honneur], 9th model (with „Marianne“ and the year „1870“ on the obverse centre - 1870-1951), officer’s decoration [officier], 800/000 silver gilt and enamels, with slight enamel damages, with French warranty mark for 800/000 silver from 1838 until 1961 (boar’s head), with applied rosette on the ribbon; 4) Spain: Order of Isabella the Catholic [Orden de Isabel la Catolica], 2. Model (with cipher „FRO7“ or „FR“ in the reverse centre), knight’s cross [caballero], silver gilt, centres gold and enamels, finest enamel painting; 5) Czechoslovakia: Czechoslovakian Order of the White Lion [Československý řad bílého Iva], 1st model (with crowned lion - 1922-1939), cross 4th class for civil merit, silver, partly gilt, and enamels, with enamel damage, with applied rosette on the ribbon; 6) French Republic: Academic Palmes [Palmes Académiques], 2nd model (two classes, in metal - 1866-1955), decoration of an Officer of the Academy [Officier de l’Académie] (so-called „Silver Academic Palms“), silver and enamels, with enamel damages on obverse and reverse; 7) Ottoman Empire: Order of Mecidiye, 2nd modell, 2nd issue (with facettes - since about the 1870ies), decoration 5th class, manufacturing of the Ottoman mint in Constantinople during the reign of Sultan Mehmet V Reshad (1844-1918, reigned since 1909), silver brillanté, center gold and enamels, on the reverse manufacturer’s indication, surmounting halfmoon and star missing. Mounted on a Swedish style bar, with pin.
Fast vorzüglich, gutes sehr schön, sehr schön / Almost extremely fine, good very fine, very fine. (7)
(~€ 1’400/USD 1’650)

Due to the Swedish strict prescription to return the order’s insignia after the death of the holder, the here missing knight’s decoration of a Swedish Order (probably of the Royal Order of Vasa), was given back to the Swedish Chancery of the Orders of Chivalry.
; EUROPÄISCHE ORDEN, EHRENZEICHEN UND MEDAILLEN; SCHWEDEN, KÖNIGREICH;
; EUROPEAN ORDERS, DECORATIONS AND MEDALS; SWEDEN, KINGDOM;
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Lot 4521
Order of Osmanje [Nişan-ı Osmani]. 2nd model (badge with green rays - 1867-1922) 1st-class badge with diamonds, manufacturing of the Imperial Ottoman Mint [Darphâne-i Âmire] in Constantinople, gold and enamels, with 48 diamond roses and shards, partly set à jour, one missing, large half moon in the centre silver gilt, 41.0 g, small enamel damages on eight rays on obverse and reverse, suspension probably replaced in silver gilt, without sash ribbon. BWK4 185 var.
Sehr selten / Very rare. Sehr schön / Very fine.
(~€ 7’475/USD 8’790)

Immediately after his accession to the throne Sultan Abdulaziz (1830-1876, reigned since 1861) reflected on the creation of a second Ottoman order of merit after the Order of Mecidiye [Nişanı Mecîdî], established in 1852. With ferman dated 21 Muharrem AH 1278 [December 9, AD 1861] he established the three-class (1st to 3rd class) Order of Osmanje - Nişan-ı Osmani] for civil and military merit (1st model), named after Sultan Osman I. Gazi (1258-1324/26, reigned since 1281/88), the first Sultan of the Ottoman Empire. From the beginning, the new order was ranking above the older Order of Mecidiye. In 1867 the statutes were amended thus changing the colour of the enamels from entirely red to partly green (2nd model). As a special honour, the insignia of the 1st class of the order also could be conferred with diamonds. After the Sultanate was abolished in 1922, also the order ceeded to exist.
; EUROPÄISCHE ORDEN, EHRENZEICHEN UND MEDAILLEN; TÜRKEI, OSMANISCHES REICH (BIS 1923);
; EUROPEAN ORDERS, DECORATIONS AND MEDALS; TÜRKEI, OSMANISCHES REICH (BIS 1923);
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Lot 4522
Order of Osmanje [Nişan-ı Osmani]. 2nd model (decoration with green rays - 1867-1922), 4th-class decoration, manufacturing of the Imperial Ottoman Mint [Darphâne-i Âmire] in Constantinople from the reign of Mehmet V Reshad (1844-1918, reigned since 1909), silver partly brillanté, partly gilt, and enamels, some chipping in the green rays, with original breast ribbon without applied rosette, in its original green, golden-imprinted case. BWK4 190; EL S. 232; ER S. 240.
Sehr schön / Very fine.
(~€ 95/USD 110)
; EUROPÄISCHE ORDEN, EHRENZEICHEN UND MEDAILLEN; TÜRKEI, OSMANISCHES REICH (BIS 1923);
; EUROPEAN ORDERS, DECORATIONS AND MEDALS; TÜRKEI, OSMANISCHES REICH (BIS 1923);
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Lot 4523
Order of Charity [Nişan-ı Şefkat]. 2nd-class badge, manufacturing of the Imperial Ottman Mint [Darphâne-i Âmire] in Constantinople from the reign of Sultan Mehmed V Reshad (1844-1918, reigned since 1909), gold and enamels, set à jour with about 101 white and small pink old and rose cut diamonds and diamond shards (checked!), some few missing, with original bow and pin. Together with the original firman for Mrs Nikolai at Moda, several times folded, with damaged original addressed envelope. BWK4 202.
Selten / Rare. Gutes sehr schön / Good very fine.
(~€ 4’675/USD 5’495)

The three-class (1st to 3rd class) Order for Charity [Nişanı Şefkat] was established by Sultan Abdul Hamid II. (1842-1918, reigned from 1876 until 1909) and reserved to women, only the 3rd class could also conferred as a commander’s decoration to gentlemen. The order was conferred until the end of the Sultanate in 1922.
; EUROPÄISCHE ORDEN, EHRENZEICHEN UND MEDAILLEN; TÜRKEI, OSMANISCHES REICH (BIS 1923);
; EUROPEAN ORDERS, DECORATIONS AND MEDALS; TÜRKEI, OSMANISCHES REICH (BIS 1923);
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Lot 4524
Liyakat-Medal for Bravery and Loyality [Liyakât Madalyasι]. Golden Medal, German manufacturing, bronze gilt, with suspension, bronze gilt, and ribbon with applied sabre bar „sene 1332“ [year AD 1914], with pin. BWK4 85.
Gutes sehr schön / Good very fine.
(~€ 95/USD 110)

• Dieses Los unterliegt bei Auslieferung in der Schweiz der Margenbesteuerung gemäss MWSTG 24a (22.5% Aufgeld inkl. Gesetzlicher Mehrwertsteuer)
• When delivered in Switzerland, this lot is subject to the margin taxation scheme in accordance with article 24a of the Federal Act on Value Added Tax (22.5% buyer’s premium incl. Statutory VAT).

After the Russian Empire on November 2, 1918, had declared war on the Ottoman Empire, the latter on November 12 declared war on the Triple Entente (Great Britain, France and the Russian Empire). By firman of November 16, 1914 [3 Terinisani AR 1330 - 27 Zilhicce AH 1332] some amendments for the two-class (gold and silver) Liyakat-Medal (as for the Imtiaz-Medal), originally instituted by Sultan Abdulhamid II in 1890 [AH 1308], were decreed. It now received the new name Liyakat-Medal for Bravery and Loyality and on the ribbon had to be applied a sabre-bar „sene 1332“ [year AD 1914].
; EUROPÄISCHE ORDEN, EHRENZEICHEN UND MEDAILLEN; TÜRKEI, OSMANISCHES REICH (BIS 1923);
; EUROPEAN ORDERS, DECORATIONS AND MEDALS; TÜRKEI, OSMANISCHES REICH (BIS 1923);




Dieses Los unterliegt bei Auslieferung in der Schweiz der Margenbesteuerung gemäss MWSTG 24a (22.5% Aufgeld inkl. gesetzlicher Mehrwertsteuer)

When delivered in Switzerland, this lot is subject to the margin taxation scheme in accordance with article 24a of the Federal Act on Value Added Tax (22.5% buyer’s premium incl. statutory VAT)
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Lot 4525
Star of the Members of the National Assembly of the Ottoman Empire [Meclis-i Meb’ûsân-ι Osmânî Azalarina Mahsûs Gorec Alâmeti]. Edition for the third parlamentary session of the Ottoman National Assembly from AR 1332 [AD 1916] until AR 1335 [AD 1919], manufacturing of the Ottoman Mint [Darphâne-i Âmire] in Constantinople from the reign of Sultan Mehmet V Reshad (1844-1918, reigned since 1909) in 1916, diam. 83.0 mm, white metal (silver?) gilt and enamelled, 67.2 g, two enamel damages and some chipping on the rays, three of the longest rays on the reverse marked with „S“, on the reverse two fixing bows, without sash ribbon. BWK4 138.
Sehr selten / Very rare. Sehr schön / Very fine.
(~€ 3’740/USD 4’395)

The star was instituted in 1916 by command of Sultan Mehmet V Reshad (1844-1918, reigned since 1909) for the opening of the third parlamentary session of the National Assembly of the Ottoman Empire and handed over to the deputies. Probably there do not exist issues with other years of other sessions.
; EUROPÄISCHE ORDEN, EHRENZEICHEN UND MEDAILLEN; TÜRKEI, OSMANISCHES REICH (BIS 1923);
; EUROPEAN ORDERS, DECORATIONS AND MEDALS; TÜRKEI, OSMANISCHES REICH (BIS 1923);
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Lot 4526
Order of Pius [Ordo Pianus]. Collar set of the order, 2nd editon (closed collar - since the 1970ies), probably made by Guccione in Rome, consisting of: collar chain with six coat of arms links, six papal symbol links, 13 ornamental links, two dove links and one tiara link, silver gilt and enamels, with enamel painting, with attached order’s badge, 2nd type, silver gilt and enamels, reverse centre without enamels, and breast star, 2nd type, silver, partly gilt and enamels, reverse centre without enamels, with pin, in its original case with the golden coat of arms of Pope Paul VI (1897-1978, Pope since 1963).
Äusserst selten / Extremely rare. Gutes sehr schön / Good very fine. (2)
(~€ 6’540/USD 7’690)

Shortly after his accession to the Papal throne, Pope Pius IX [Pio Nono] (Giovanni Maria conte Mastai-Ferretti - 1792-1878, Pope since 1846) by Breve „Romanis Pontificibus“ dated June 17, 1847, established the originally two-class (1st class/neck decoration, with or without breast star, and 2nd class/breast decoration) highest order of the Holy See for civil and military merit. In 1849 resp. 1856 a grand cross class was added.
By Pope Pius XII (Eugenio Paccelli - 1876-1958, Pope since 1939) with Apostolic Letter „Egregio ducti consilio“ of December 25, 1957, the collar of the order was established. By Motuproprio „Equestres Ordines“ of April 15, 1966, Pope Paul VI (1897-1978, Pope since 1963) decreed the collar of the order furtheron to be reserved to heads of states only. Due to fact that the Papal Order of Christ [Ordo Supremus Militia Domini Nostri Jesu Christi] as well as the Order of Order of the Golden Spur [Ordo Equestri Militiae Auratae] are not longer awarded, the collar of the Order of Pius today is considered as the highest order to be conferred by the Pope.
According to the holders list published by Herkner (Herkner, Norbert: Der Pius-Orden, seine Goldene Kollane und ihre Träger. In: Orden und Ehrenzeichen, 3rd year no. 15 (Ocrober 2001), p. 2-8) only 25 collars of this order were awarded by Pope Paul VI between 1963 and 1977.
; EUROPÄISCHE ORDEN, EHRENZEICHEN UND MEDAILLEN; HEILIGER STUHL, KIRCHENSTAAT UND VATIKAN;
; EUROPEAN ORDERS, DECORATIONS AND MEDALS; HOLY SEE, CHURCH STATE AND VATICAN;
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Lot 4527
Order of the Leader [Nishan-e Sardari]. Superior-class breast star with diamonds, diam. 58.6 mm, manufacturing by Spink & Son Ltd. In London, with arms in the form from 1919 until after 1923, gold, set with eight old or drop cut diamonds, 43.6 g, with pin, in its original case by Spink. BWK1 33.
Äusserst selten / Extremely rare. Fast vorzüglich / About extremely fine.
(~€ 28’035/USD 32’965)

Probably the order was originally established by Habibullah Khan, Amir of Afghanistan (1872-1919, reigned since 1901) as a rank badge for military leaders [Sardar] before 1907. Since 1907 it was also used as order for merit. In 1922 during the reign of Amanullah Khan (1892-1960, reigned from 1919 until 1926 as emir and from 1926 until 1929 as king) the now two-class order was institutionalized by the Afghan Parliament [Durga]. In 1923 statutes were issued.
According to the unconfirmed information of the consignor, this piece was made for Habibullah Khan, and after his death also worn by his successor Amanullah Khan.
; ORDEN, EHRENZEICHEN UND MEDAILLEN AUS ÜBERSEE; AFGHANISTAN, EMIRATE UND KÖNIGREICH (BIS 1973);
; ORDERS, DECORATIONS AND MEDALS FROM OVERSEAS; AFGHANISTAN, EMIRATE AND KINGDOM (UNTIL 1973);
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Lot 4528
Imperial Order of the Rose [Ordem Imperial da Rosa]. Commander’s breast star (small diameter, surmounted with crown), edition with green enamelled inside of the crown, 73.4 x 54.0 mm, gold (also the star corpus!) and enamels, 36.2 g, finest enamel painting, superficial enamel chipping on the 2 o’clock ray, two roses nearly invisibly repaired, slight gold patina, with pin. BWK1 109.
Gutes sehr schön / Good very fine.
(~€ 3’270/USD 3’845)

The Imperial Order of the Rose [Ordem Imperial da Rosa] was instituted by Emperor Dom Pedro I (1798-1834, Emperor of Brazil from 1831) who established the seven-class (Collar, Grand Cross, Grand Dignitaries, Dignitaries, Commander, Officers and Knights) order for civil and military merit on October 17, 1829, on occasion of his wedding with his second wife Princess Amélie von Leuchtenberg (1812-1873), fourth daughter of Eugène-Rose de Beauharnais, Herzog von Leuchtenberg and Fürst von Eichstätt (1781-1824) and Auguste Princess of Bavaria (1788-1851). After the abdication of Pedro I in 1831 in favour of his son Pedro II (1825-1891, reigned from 1831/1840 until 1889), during the regency until 1840, the order was not conferred. After the coronation of Pedro II on July 28, 1841, the order was again to be conferred, until 1889, when Pedro II was forced to abdicate. With the foundation of the Republic of Brazil the order ceeded to exist.
; ORDEN, EHRENZEICHEN UND MEDAILLEN AUS ÜBERSEE; BRASILIEN, KAISERREICH (1822-1889);
; ORDERS, DECORATIONS AND MEDALS FROM OVERSEAS; BRAZIL, EMPIRE (1822-1889);
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Lot 4529
Imperial Order of the Rose [Ordem Imperial da Rosa]. Officer’s breast star (small diameter, without crown), diam. 59.4 mm, silver gilt, applications gold and enamels, with finest enamel painting, some enamel damages and repairs, with pin, pin hook on the reverse replaced. BWK1 110.
Sehr schön / Very fine.
(EUR 1’400 / USD 1’650)
; ORDEN, EHRENZEICHEN UND MEDAILLEN AUS ÜBERSEE; BRASILIEN, KAISERREICH (1822-1889);
; ORDERS, DECORATIONS AND MEDALS FROM OVERSEAS; BRAZIL, EMPIRE (1822-1889);
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Lot 4530
(Imperial Order of the) Precious Star of the Double Dragon. 1st model (1882-1896), 2nd issue (1st to 3rd class with breast stars - probably since 1894), 3rd class, 3rd-grade set of insignia, Chinese manufacturing, consisting of: neck badge, 73.4 x 46.7 mm, silver gilt and enamels, with blue glass cabochons, 57.6 g, with its original old embroidered and conditioned neck ribbon, and breast star, 85.6 x 85.5 mm, silver, partly gilt, and enamels, the dragons with some enamel chipping, the colouring in the inner centre ring mostly gone, with larger and small blue glass cabochon, 15.4 g, with pin.
Äusserst selten / Extremely rare. Gutes sehr schön / Good very fine.
(~€ 4’675/USD 5’495)

Extremely rare set that obviously in this combination was awarded from 1894 until 1896 only.
The (Imperial Order of the) Precious Star of the Double Dragon was established during the reign of the Guangxu Emperor (1871-1908, reigned since 1875) under the regency of the Empress Dowager Cixi (1835-1908, regent since 1861) on February 7, 1882, as a general order for civil and military merit, restricted to foreigners only. It consisted of five classes, of which the three upper ones were subdivided again into three grades. Its statutes, including full-size illustrations, were printed in Chinese and also in French by Th. Dupuy in Paris in form of a proposal of the Tsongli-Yamen (Premier’s office) to the Empress Regent on February 7, 1882. On the insignia of the 1st model, the class and grade designation is written in Man characters.
The early insignia were made in China, but they were often criticized in the Western World as being below the dignity of China, as being worn only as neck badges (although on beautifully embroidered ribbons) without stars even in the highest classes, as having the size of cow bells, and as being not shiny enough. This led to a number of changes. Sashes were introduced already in 1883 for the 1st and 2nd class which, according to a decree of 1894, had now to be in gold and to be accompanied by breast stars.
The variety of these insignia of this 1st model was greatly enhanced by the fact that the recipients of the three lower classes could be proposed to the Court by Viceroys, Governors, Generals and other high officials who, however, had to pay for the insignia. This was used particularly by Li Hongzhang (1823-1901) to introduce neck badges of reduced size and of non-standard design. When breast stars were introduced in 1894, the silver stars were also ordered in Europe (from, e.g., Halley, Krétly, Lemaitre, Wolfers, and Godet) and surmounted by a much reduced, Chinese-made badge.
In spite of the decentralized proposals, a central roster of all bestowals was kept in Peking with a running number through all classes. These numbers, repeated on the bestowal documents, allow the conclusion that less than 1000 insignia of the 1st model in all classes were distributed from 1882 until the outbreak of the Boxer Rebellion. In 1911, the order was abolished and replaced by a new system of five different orders, of which two consisted of eight classes. These orders were only conferred until the end of the Chinese monarchy in 1912.
; ORDEN, EHRENZEICHEN UND MEDAILLEN AUS ÜBERSEE; CHINA, KAISERREICH (BIS 1912);
; ORDERS, DECORATIONS AND MEDALS FROM OVERSEAS; CHINA, EMPIRE (UNTIL 1912);




Dieses Los unterliegt bei Auslieferung in der Schweiz der Margenbesteuerung gemäss MWSTG 24a (22.5% Aufgeld inkl. gesetzlicher Mehrwertsteuer)

When delivered in Switzerland, this lot is subject to the margin taxation scheme in accordance with article 24a of the Federal Act on Value Added Tax (22.5% buyer’s premium incl. statutory VAT)
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Lot 4531
Order of Muhammad Ali [Nishan al-Muhammad’Ali]. 2nd model (1919-1953), Grand Cordon set of insignia, manufactured by Lattes in Cairo, consisting of order’s badge, 750/000 (18 K) massive gold and enamels, set à jour with six rubies and six emeralds, 56.3 g (!), on the reverse manufacturer’s indication, on the agraffe Cairo gold mark „18 „ [18] and year mark „Z“ for 1949, with its full original conditioned sash ribbon, and breast star, 750/000 (18 K) massive gold, partly brillanté, and enamels, set à jour with six rubies and six emeralds, 134.2 g (!), on the reverse manufacturer’s indication, with pin, this with French mark for foreign production since 1893 (owl), with two fixing pins, one slightly bent, the other broken away, but present, in its original rubbed gold imprinted leather case with the Royal cipher of King Fu’ ad I (1868-1936, Sultan from 1917 until 1922, king since 1922). BWK2 20, 21.
Sehr selten / Very rare. Fast vorzüglich / About extremely fine.
(~€ 28’035/USD 32’965)

In consequence of his elevation to Sultan of Egypt by the British, Hussein Kamel (1853-1917, reigned since 1914) from the Muhammad Ali Dynasty by decree dated Abdîn Palce at Cairo April 4, 1915, established this three-class (Collar [al qilâda], 1st class or Grand Cordon [al-wisâh-al-akbar] and 2nd class [al-tabaqa al-aulâ], with annexed gold [nûtu ‘l-zahab] and silver medal [nûtu ‘l-fidda] of the order) order as the highest order of the sultanate, named after Muhammad Ali Pasha al-Mas’ud ibn Agha (1769-1849, from 1805 until 1848 Wâli and de facto ruler of Egypt and Sudan), the founder of the dynasty, originally originating from Albania (1st model).
Sultan Fuad I (1868-1936, since 1917 Sultan and since 1922 King of Egypt) by decree of August 11, 1919, then changed the design fundamentally, especially in using now massive gold instead of the former silver and in setting precious stones to the insignia, and reduced the number of holders of the 1st class from 30 to 15 (excluding the princes of the royal family and foreigners in Egyptian service). After the proclamation of the Kingdom of Egypt on March 15, 1922, new statues were issued by Royal decree no. 4 on January 1, 1923, without changing the design of the insignia. By Royal decree no. 50 dated May 24, 1926, the second class of the order was abolished, and the name of the 1st class was changed into ”Grand Cordon” [al-wisâh-al-akbar]. After the proclamation of the Arab Republic of Egypt on June 18, 1953, the order ceeded to exist. (Source: Ägypten - Mohammed Ali-Orden. In KOL1.)
; ORDEN, EHRENZEICHEN UND MEDAILLEN AUS ÜBERSEE; ÄGYPTEN, KÖNIGREICH (1923-1953);
; ORDERS, DECORATIONS AND MEDALS FROM OVERSEAS; EGYPT, KINGDOM (1923-1953);
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Lot 4532
Medal „Golden Star“ [Medalla Estrella de Oro] of a „Hero of the Republic of Cuba“ [Héroe de la República de Cuba]. Large edition (diam. 28.7 mm), hollow manufacturing, white metal gilt, with clasp for wearing, white metal gilt and enamels, with two pins, in its original, slightly spotted bestowal case.
Sehr selten / Very rare. Gutes sehr schön / Good very fine.
(~€ 935/USD 1’100)

According to the owner this piece was conferred in 1984 upon Arnaldo Ochoa Sánchez (1930-1989), General and commander of the Cuban troops abroad, so also in the Angolian Civil War since 1975. In 1989 he was accused and found guilty among others for drug smuggling and treason. He was sentenced to death, deprived from his status as a General and Hero of Cuba (the only one in Cuba’s history until today) and executed on July 13, 1989.
The title of honour ”Hero of Cuba” with the Medal ”Golden Star” was established as the highest award of the Republic of Cuba by the State Council of Cuba [Consejo de Estado de Cuba] with Law no. 17 of June 28, 1978. Between 1980 and 2015 the title of honour was conferred 45 times (including 22 Generals), among them two posthumously, three women and one to the city of Santiago de Cuba in 1984. The conferring of the honour title also includes the Order of Playa Girón [Orden Playa Girón]. The Medal ”Golden Star” is existing in two different sizes; the larger one is worn by the members of the Revolutionary Armed Forces or and the Forces of the Ministry of the Interior, the smaller one in civilian clothing and by women.
; ORDEN, EHRENZEICHEN UND MEDAILLEN AUS ÜBERSEE; KUBA, REPUBLIK (SEIT 1959);
; ORDERS, DECORATIONS AND MEDALS FROM OVERSEAS; CUBA, REPUBLIC (SINCE 1959);
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Lot 4533
Order of Glory [Nishan-i-Iftekhar]. Officer’s decoration, silver gilt and enamels, damages in the blue and white enamels, with wrong ribbon without rosette. BWK 273.
Sehr selten / Very rare. Gutes schön / Good fine.
(~€ 280/USD 330)

The original three-class (1st to 3rd class) order for civil and military merit was established before 1899 by Sir Jagatjit Singh Sahib Bahadur GCSI GCIE GBE (1872-1949, reigned from 1877/1890 until 1911 as Raja, then as Maharaja until 1947), Maharaja of Kapurthala (today the district of Karpurthala in the Federal State of Punjab in the North of India). From an unknown date on there also was created an officer’s decoration. It is not known whether the order is still awarded as a family order or if the bestowals ended with the abolition of monarchy in India in 1947.
; ORDEN, EHRENZEICHEN UND MEDAILLEN AUS ÜBERSEE; INDIEN, FÜRSTENTUM KAPURTHALA;
; ORDERS, DECORATIONS AND MEDALS FROM OVERSEAS; INDIA, PRINCIPALITY OF KAPURTHALA;
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Lot 4534
Order of the Star of Africa. Knight Commander’s set of insignia, manufacturing of A. Chobillon in Paris, consisting of: neck badge, 900/000 silver gilt and enamels, three tips of the rays slightly bent, five with min. enamel chipping, on the ribbon ring manufacturer’s and silver mark, with original conditioned neck ribbon, and breast star, silver gilt and enamels, with pin, this with manufacturer’s and silver mark, as well on the pin hook, with two lateral fixing hooks. BWK3 17, 18.
Gutes sehr schön / Good very fine. (2)
(~€ 185/USD 220)

• Dieses Los unterliegt bei Auslieferung in der Schweiz der Margenbesteuerung gemäss MWSTG 24a (22.5% Aufgeld inkl. Gesetzlicher Mehrwertsteuer)
• When delivered in Switzerland, this lot is subject to the margin taxation scheme in accordance with article 24a of the Federal Act on Value Added Tax (22.5% buyer’s premium incl. Statutory VAT).

The six-class (originally five-class) order (Collar, Grand Cordon, Knight Commander, Commander, Officer and Knight) for civil merit in Liberian or African affairs was instituted in 1920. Its design probably followed the insignia of the Royal Portuguese Order of the Conception of Our Lady of Vila Viçosa.
; ORDEN, EHRENZEICHEN UND MEDAILLEN AUS ÜBERSEE; LIBERIA, REPUBLIK;
; ORDERS, DECORATIONS AND MEDALS FROM OVERSEAS; LIBERIA, REPUBLIC;




Dieses Los unterliegt bei Auslieferung in der Schweiz der Margenbesteuerung gemäss MWSTG 24a (22.5% Aufgeld inkl. gesetzlicher Mehrwertsteuer)

When delivered in Switzerland, this lot is subject to the margin taxation scheme in accordance with article 24a of the Federal Act on Value Added Tax (22.5% buyer’s premium incl. statutory VAT)
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Lot 4535
The Most Honourable Order of the Crown of Kelantan or of the Star of Muhammad [Darjah Kebesaran Mahkota Kelantan Yang Amat Mulia / Bintang Al-Muhammadi]. Grand commander’s [Dato’ Sri Paduka - S.P.M.K.] set of insignia, manufacturing of Mariwasa Kraftangan SDN BHD in Kuala Lumpur, consisting of: collar of the order, with 28 links, silver gilt and enamels, 316 g, badge of the order, 925/000 silver partly gilt, and enamels, 59.9 g, on the reverse manufacturer’s and silver mark „925“, and breast star, 925/000 silver brillanté, partly gilt, and enamels, 116.4 g, on the reverse manufacturer’s and silver mark „925“, with pin, in its original case of Mariwasa with golden imprinted coat of arms of the sultanate and name of the order.
Äusserst selten / Extremely rare. Gutes sehr schön / Good very fine. (4)
(~€ 9’345/USD 10’990)

The originally three-class (grand commander, commander and member, with associated decoration of the Crown of Kelantan) order for civil merit was instituted in 1916 by Sultan Muhammad IV Ibni Sultan Muhammad, Sultan and Yang di-Pertuan of the Sultanate of Kelantan (1870-1920, reigned since 1900). The grand commander’s class [Dato’ Sri Paduka - S.P.M.K.] is limited to fifty holders, but as am matter of fact, much less have been awarded.
; ORDEN, EHRENZEICHEN UND MEDAILLEN AUS ÜBERSEE; MALAYSIA, KÖNIGREICH, SULTANAT KELANTAN;
; ORDERS, DECORATIONS AND MEDALS FROM OVERSEAS; MALAYSIA, KINGDOM, SULTANATE OF KELANTAN;
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Lot 4536
The Illustrous Order of Kinabalu [Darjah Yang Amat Mulia Kinabalu]. Probably 1st model, collar for the Grand Commanders of the Order [Seri Panglima Darjah Kinabalu - S.P.D.K.], consisting of eight flag links and five symbol links, manufacturing by B. P. de Silva in Singapore and Penang, 750/000 gold (18 K) and enamels, on the reverse of 12 links hallmarks „18K“, with order’s badge, 750/000 gold (18 K), with probably silver centre with gold letters and probably a paste stone showing an volcano island, on the reverse two hallmarks „18K“ and number „3“, total weight 425.9 g, in its original golden imprinted case of de Silva. Together with the State of Sabah Government Gazette dated September 16, 1974, stating conferings of several grades of the order.
Äusserst selten / Extremely rare. Gutes sehr schön / Good very fine.
(~€ 14’020/USD 16’485)

The four-class (Grand Commander [Seri Panglima Darjah Kinabalu], Commander [Panglima Gemilang Darjah Kinabalu - P.G.D.K.], Companion [Ahli Setia Darjah Kinabalu - A.S.D.K.] and Member [Ahli Darjah Kinabalu - A.D.K.]) order for meritorious service to the State of Sabah wasn instituted by the Sultanate of Sabah „State Honours Enactment 1963 Section 3 (a) in 1963. It is conferred by the Yang di-Pertua Negeri [Governor General - ceremonial head of state] of Sabah. It seems, that in an unknown year the design of the insignia was changed.
; ORDEN, EHRENZEICHEN UND MEDAILLEN AUS ÜBERSEE; MALAYSIA, KÖNIGREICH, SULTANAT SABAH;
; ORDERS, DECORATIONS AND MEDALS FROM OVERSEAS; MALAYSIA, KINGDOM, SULTANATE OF SABAH;
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Lot 4537
Order of the Sun and the Lion Lion [Nishan-i-Schir-u-Khorschid]. 2nd model (1834-1848), 3rd grade (Sertib), fist class set of insignia for military holders (with crowned standing lion with a sabre), consisting of: sash decoration, silver brillanté, centre gold and enamels, with enamel painting, without sash ribbon, and breast star, with three rings round of the centre, silver brillanté, centre gold and enamels, with enamel painting, with pin.
Von grösster Seltenheit / Of the highest rarity. Gutes sehr schön / Good very fine. (2)
(~€ 9’345/USD 10’990)

In the year AH 1223 [AD 1808] Fath-Ali Shah Qajar (1772-1834, reigned since 1897) instituted the Order of the Lion and the Sun [Nishan-i-Schir-u-Khorschid]. Initially, it was intended to reward foreigners only for merits they had rendered to the empire. As it seems that the statutes of this order did not survive - if they have ever existed - little is known about classes and organisation. According to Mulder (in MEP p. 11) from 1808 until 1814 there existed perhaps only three classes (1st model). A certain system in the widely varying badges and stars is difficult to reconstruct, but there existed collars, sash and neck badges and breast stars, all set with precious stones and pearls. Probably the number of classes was enlarged in about 1820.
During the reign of Mohammad Shah Qajar (1808-1848, reigned since 1834), in the year AH 1252 [AD 1834] there were issued detailed statutes for the order, that probably now also opened it to Persians, establishing a highly sophisticated system of eight grades, the 1st to 6th grade (Nouyane, Amir Toumane, Sertib, Sèrhèngue, Yawer and Soltane) divided into three classes, the 7th grade (Nayeeb) into six classes and the 8th grade (Wekil) into five classes (2nd model). The classes were indicated by the number of circles around the centre. In the 1st to 6th grades the decorations were set with more or less precious stones, mostly diamonds. The 1st to 4th grade had also a full sash ribbon. These statutes also fixed the civil (with a resting lion in front of the sun) and the military (with a standing lion with a ”naked” sabre in front of the sun) division. This difference in the lions had existed already earlier in the 1st model, but it is not known if it indicated a civil and a military division. This highly sophisticated system led as a matter of fact to a very numerous variety of insignia.
; ORDEN, EHRENZEICHEN UND MEDAILLEN AUS ÜBERSEE; PERSIEN RESP. (SEIT 1935) IRAN (BIS 1979), KAISERREICH;
; ORDERS, DECORATIONS AND MEDALS FROM OVERSEAS; PERSIA RESP. (SINCE 1935) IRAN (UNTIL 1979), EMPIRE;
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Lot 4538
Order of the Sun and the Lion [Nishan-i-Schir-u-Khorschid] - Order of the Imperial Effigy [Nishan-i-Temtal-i-Amur ut-Mumenin e Humayun]. 3rd model (1848-1939), Order of the Imperial Effigy diamond badge (since 1848) with the portrait of Naser al-Din Shah Qajar (1831-1896, reigned since 1848), 118.0 x 54.7 mm, gold, centre with enamels and finest enamel painting, set with about 216 diamond roses and shards of various size (checked!), one missing, without neck ribbon. 63.5 g. BWK3 75.
Äusserst selten / Extremely rare. Gutes sehr schön / Good very fine.
(~€ 23’365/USD 27’475)

Shortly after his accession to the throne, Naser al-Din Shah Qajar (1831-1896, reigned since 1848) gave out the order to edit new statutes of the order, that were published the same year AH 1264 [AD 1848]. The most important element was that all insignia of the order should no longer contain precious stones, but should consist of silver brillanté instead of the former stones. The existing system was enlarged to nine grades in total: the 1st to 7th grade (Nouyane, Amir Toumane, Amir Pendji, Sertib, Sèrhèngue, Yawer and Soltane) divided into three classes, the 8th grade (Nayeeb) into six classes and the 9th grade (Wekil) into five classes (2nd model), in general following the previous system. Also here the classes were indicated by the number of circles around the centre. The 1st to 5th grade had also a full sash ribbon. The civil and the military division diferred from one another as before in the position of the lion in the centre. As the highest type of badge, a diamond studded neck decoration showing the Imperial Effigy (Order of the Imperial Effigy [Nishan-i-Temtal-i-Amur ut-Mumenin e Humayun]) was introduced.
For foreigners too, a special system was introduced, showing the resting lion in front of the sun in the centre. The different classes of the order were as follows:
As highest class, the badge with the Imperial Effigy was reserved to the foreign sovereigns.
The 1st class consisted of an eight-ray (first edition), later six-tip sash badge, initially worn with a dark blue, shortly later with a dark green sash, to be worn with an eight-ray breast star.
The 2nd class consisted of a seven-tip breast star with small stars between the rays (1st edition), later without small stars between the rays (2nd edition). It seems that there was no further decoration.
The 3rd class consisted of a six-tip neck decoration, to be worn with a dark green neck ribbon.
The 4th class consisted of a five-tip star, initially worn as a breast star (1st edition), shortly later as a neck decoration surmounted by an agraffe, to be worn with a dark green neck ribbon (2nd edition); and later again to be worn as a breast decoration with a dark green breast ribbon with applied rosette.
The 5th class consisted initially of a four-tip star (1st edition), later of a five-tip star without surmounting agraffe (2nd edition), both editions to be worn with a dark green breast ribbon.
The 6th class consisted of an enamelled medal (?).
The 7th class consisted of a gold medal.
As lowest degree there existed a silver medal without class indication.
Again during the reign of Naser al-Din Shah Qajar in the year AH 1278 [AD 1860] there was issued an amendment to the 1848 statutes, instituting the Order of The Most Sacred of Agdas [Nishan-i-Agdas], the Order of Most Sacred Qods [Nishan-i- Qods] and the Order of Sacred Moqaddas [Nishan-i-Moqaddas], as superior grades of the the Order of the Lion and the Sun. Initially all three consisted of breast stars only, studded with diamonds (1st edition). Later they were issued in silver brillanté (2nd edition). The Order of Sacred Moqaddas again later was issued as an enamelled badge, to be worn on a sash ribbon and together with a similar breast star.
With its numerous kinds of insignia, the Order of the Lion and the Sun with its highly sophisticated system therefore is one of the orders in the world with the most variations. At an unknown date in the beginning of the reign of Reza Shah Pahlavi (1878-1944, reigned from 1925 until 1941) the Order of the Lion and the Sun was abolished. Between 1925 and 1939 he instituted the Order of the Light [Nishan-i-Homayoun] as a five-class (1st to 5th class) order for civil and military merit, as a successor of the abolished Order of the Lion and the Sun.
; ORDEN, EHRENZEICHEN UND MEDAILLEN AUS ÜBERSEE; PERSIEN RESP. (SEIT 1935) IRAN (BIS 1979), KAISERREICH;
; ORDERS, DECORATIONS AND MEDALS FROM OVERSEAS; PERSIA RESP. (SINCE 1935) IRAN (UNTIL 1979), EMPIRE;
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Lot 4539
Order of the Sun and the Lion [Nishan-i-Schir-u-Khorschid] - The Most Sacred Order (of Aqdas) [Nishan-e Aqdas]. 3rd model (1848-1939), The Most Sacred Order (of Aqdas) [Nishan-e Aqdas], order’s badge for military persons (with crowned, standing lion and sabre), probably Persian manufacturing, 142.1 x 83.9 mm, silver, centre gold and enamels, with enamel painting, set mostly à jour with 258 old cut paste stones, left suspension ring broken, on the reverse marked „M.A“, without sash ribbon.
Von grösster Seltenheit / Of the highest rarity. Fast vorzüglich / About extremely fine.
(~€ 28’035/USD 32’965)

During the reign of Naser al-Din Shah Qajar (1831-1896, reigned since 1848) in the year AH 1278 [AD 1860], there was issued an amendment to the 1848 statutes of the Order of the Lion and the Sun [Nishan-i-Schir-u-Khorschid], instituting The Most Sacred Ordrer (of Aqdas) [Nishan-i-Aqdas], The Very Sacred Order (of Qods) [Nishan-i-Qods] and The Sacred Order (of Moqaddas) [Nishan-i-Moqaddas], as superior grades of the Order of the Lion and the Sun. Initially, all three consisted of breast stars only, studded with diamonds (1st edition). From an unknown date the orders were also issued with badges to be worn on a sash ribbon. Later they were issued (2nd edition) in silver brillanté (for the Order of Agdas and the Order of Qods) or with enamels for the Order of Moqaddas.
; ORDEN, EHRENZEICHEN UND MEDAILLEN AUS ÜBERSEE; PERSIEN RESP. (SEIT 1935) IRAN (BIS 1979), KAISERREICH;
; ORDERS, DECORATIONS AND MEDALS FROM OVERSEAS; PERSIA RESP. (SINCE 1935) IRAN (UNTIL 1979), EMPIRE;
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Lot 4540
Order of the Sun and the Lion [Nishan-i-Schir-u-Khorschid] - Order of Moqaddas [Nishan-i-Moqaddas]. 3rd model (1848-1939), Order of Moqaddas (since 1860), probably 2nd edition, grand cordon set (-1925), unidentified French manufacturing, consisting of: order’s badge, diam. 60.1 mm, silver gilt and enamels, enamel repairs on about seven and slight hairline cracks on some further ray tips, with original light blue conditioned full sash ribbon, and breast star, diam. 72.1 mm, silver gilt and enamels, enamel repairs on five ray tips and some hairline cracks, surmounting crown broken away but present, the star rays on the reverse fixed with 12 hollow rivets, with pin, this with unidentificable manufacturing mark, with two lateral fixing hooks. BWK3 78 var.
Äusserst selten / Extremely rare. Sehr schön / Very fine. (2)
(~€ 11’215/USD 13’185)

During the reign of Naser al-Din Shah Qajar in the year AH 1278 [AD 1860] there was issued an amendment to the 1848 statutes of the Order of the Lion and the Sun [Înishan-i-Schir-u-Khorschid], instituting The Most Sacred Ordrer (of Aqdas) [Nishan-i-Aqdas], The Very Sacred Order (of Qods) [Nishan-i-Qods] and The Sacred Order (of Moqaddas) [Nishan-i-Moqaddas], as superior grades of the the Order of the Lion and the Sun. Initially all three consisted of breast stars only, studded with diamonds (1st edition). Later they were issued in silver brillanté (2nd edition). The Order of Sacred Moqaddas again later was issued as an enamelled badge, to be worn on a sash ribbon and together with a similar breast star.
; ORDEN, EHRENZEICHEN UND MEDAILLEN AUS ÜBERSEE; PERSIEN RESP. (SEIT 1935) IRAN (BIS 1979), KAISERREICH;
; ORDERS, DECORATIONS AND MEDALS FROM OVERSEAS; PERSIA RESP. (SINCE 1935) IRAN (UNTIL 1979), EMPIRE;
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Lot 4541
Order of the Sun and the Lion [Nishan-i-Schir-u-Khorschid]. 3rd model (1848-1939), division for (civil and) foreign persons (with resting lion), 1st-class set (for foreigners) of Russian manufacturing probably by Christian Friedrich Höppner in St. Petersburg, consisting of eight-ray 1st-class sash badge with stones, silver, centre with gold ring, enamels and finest enamel painting, the centre partly embossed, set à jour with numerous white paste stones of various size, with unconditioned but worn neck ribbon cut, and eight-ray 1st-class breast star, diam. 78.7 mm, 875/000 silver, centre gold, partly engraved and ciselé, and enamels, with fine enamel painting, with one hairline crack, on the reverse Russian mark „84“ for 84 zolotnik, masters mark „F.H“ and unidentified mark, with pin, this with mark „Keibel“, court supplier mark from 1840 until 1917 and St. Petersburg city mark until 1898, in its original, slightly damaged and rubbed case. BWK3 62 var., 63 var.
Gutes sehr schön / Good very fine.
(~€ 14’020/USD 16’485)

According to Tamman (in TRP page 6), the mark „F.H“ among others could have belonged to Christian Friedrich Höppner, who was working in St. Petersburg from 1836 until 1875.
; ORDEN, EHRENZEICHEN UND MEDAILLEN AUS ÜBERSEE; PERSIEN RESP. (SEIT 1935) IRAN (BIS 1979), KAISERREICH;
; ORDERS, DECORATIONS AND MEDALS FROM OVERSEAS; PERSIA RESP. (SINCE 1935) IRAN (UNTIL 1979), EMPIRE;
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Lot 4542
Order of the Sun and the Lion [Nishan-i-Schir-u-Khorschid]. 3rd model (1848-1939), division for (civil and) foreign persons (with resting lion), 1st-class, 2nd-edition (six-ray) sash badge (for foreigners), with two rings around the centre, probable Iranian manufacturing, silver brillanté and repercé, centre with enamels and enamel painting, with only four of originally six attached rays in gold and enamels, all four damaged, with conditioned and worn light green sash ribbon, attached upside down. BWK3 62.
Gutes sehr schön / Good very fine.
(~€ 235/USD 275)
; ORDEN, EHRENZEICHEN UND MEDAILLEN AUS ÜBERSEE; PERSIEN RESP. (SEIT 1935) IRAN (BIS 1979), KAISERREICH;
; ORDERS, DECORATIONS AND MEDALS FROM OVERSEAS; PERSIA RESP. (SINCE 1935) IRAN (UNTIL 1979), EMPIRE;
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Lot 4543
Order of the Sun and the Lion [Nishan-i-Schir-u-Khorschid]. 3rd model (1848-1939), division for (civil and) foreign persons (with resting lion), original old conditioned full sash ribbon for foreigners (without badge) for a 1st-class (six-ray) sash badge.
Gutes sehr schön / Good very fine.
(~€ 45/USD 55)
; ORDEN, EHRENZEICHEN UND MEDAILLEN AUS ÜBERSEE; PERSIEN RESP. (SEIT 1935) IRAN (BIS 1979), KAISERREICH;
; ORDERS, DECORATIONS AND MEDALS FROM OVERSEAS; PERSIA RESP. (SINCE 1935) IRAN (UNTIL 1979), EMPIRE;
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Lot 4544
Order of the Sun and the Lion [Nishan-i-Schir-u-Khorschid]. 3rd model (1848-1939), division for (civil and) foreign persons (with resting lion), 1st-class (eight-ray) breast star (for foreigners) with stones, Russian manufacturing, diam. 85.2 mm, 875/000 silver, centre with enamels and finest enamel painting, set à jour with numerous white and coloured paste stones, one tip slightly bent, about three stones lost, with pin, this with Russian mark „84“ for 84 zolotnik. BWK3 63 var.
Gutes sehr schön / Good very fine.
(~€ 4’675/USD 5’495)

The star needs to be cleaned.
; ORDEN, EHRENZEICHEN UND MEDAILLEN AUS ÜBERSEE; PERSIEN RESP. (SEIT 1935) IRAN (BIS 1979), KAISERREICH;
; ORDERS, DECORATIONS AND MEDALS FROM OVERSEAS; PERSIA RESP. (SINCE 1935) IRAN (UNTIL 1979), EMPIRE;
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Lot 4545
Order of the Sun and the Lion [Nishan-i-Schir-u-Khorschid]. 3rd model (1848-1939), division for (civil and) foreign persons (with resting lion), 1st-class (eight-ray) breast star (for foreigners), edition with „AH 1233“ [AD 1863/1864] in the centre ring, probably European manufacturing, 79.1 x 79.3 mm, on the reverse gilt, silver, reverse gilt, centre gold and enamels, with enamel painting, with eight attached rays in gold and red enamels, with pin.
Äusserst selten / Extremely rare. Gutes sehr schön / Good very fine.
(~€ 11’215/USD 13’185)

On the basis of the year specification „AH 1233“ [AD 1863/1864] it is possible to date this extremely rare breast star type to the reign of Naser al-Din Shah Qajar (1831-1896, reigned since 1848).
; ORDEN, EHRENZEICHEN UND MEDAILLEN AUS ÜBERSEE; PERSIEN RESP. (SEIT 1935) IRAN (BIS 1979), KAISERREICH;
; ORDERS, DECORATIONS AND MEDALS FROM OVERSEAS; PERSIA RESP. (SINCE 1935) IRAN (UNTIL 1979), EMPIRE;
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Lot 4546
Order of the Sun and the Lion [Nishan-i-Schir-u-Khorschid]. 3rd model (1848-1939), division for (civil and) foreign persons (with resting lion), miniature of a 1st-class (eight-ray) breast star (for foreigners) with two circles, European manufacturing, diam. 19.2 mm, silver, centre with enamels and finest enamel painting, without ring for the miniature chain.
Gutes sehr schön / Good very fine.
(~€ 45/USD 55)
; ORDEN, EHRENZEICHEN UND MEDAILLEN AUS ÜBERSEE; PERSIEN RESP. (SEIT 1935) IRAN (BIS 1979), KAISERREICH;
; ORDERS, DECORATIONS AND MEDALS FROM OVERSEAS; PERSIA RESP. (SINCE 1935) IRAN (UNTIL 1979), EMPIRE;
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Lot 4547
Order of the Sun and the Lion [Nishan-i-Schir-u-Khorschid]. Simple modern manufacturing of an eight-ray breast star with resting lion, diam. 69.3 mm, white metal silvered, partly gilt, and enamels, enamel painting, with white paste stones surrounding the centre, with pin.
Gutes sehr schön / Good very fine.
(~€ 45/USD 55)
; ORDEN, EHRENZEICHEN UND MEDAILLEN AUS ÜBERSEE; PERSIEN RESP. (SEIT 1935) IRAN (BIS 1979), KAISERREICH;
; ORDERS, DECORATIONS AND MEDALS FROM OVERSEAS; PERSIA RESP. (SINCE 1935) IRAN (UNTIL 1979), EMPIRE;
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Lot 4548
Order of the Sun and the Lion [Nishan-i-Schir-u-Khorschid]. 3rd model (1848-1939), division for civil and foreign persons (with resting lion), probably 2nd-grade (Amir Toumane), 2nd-class (for Iranians) resp. 2nd-class (for foreigners) breast star (with seven rays) with two rings around the centre, 2nd edition (without small stars between the rays), probably Iranian manufacturing, diam. 71.7 mm, silver brillanté, domed, centre with enamels and enamel painting, with seven attached rays in silver and enamels, one with chipping, with pin. BWK3 65.
Gutes sehr schön / Good very fine.
(~€ 280/USD 330)
; ORDEN, EHRENZEICHEN UND MEDAILLEN AUS ÜBERSEE; PERSIEN RESP. (SEIT 1935) IRAN (BIS 1979), KAISERREICH;
; ORDERS, DECORATIONS AND MEDALS FROM OVERSEAS; PERSIA RESP. (SINCE 1935) IRAN (UNTIL 1979), EMPIRE;
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Lot 4549
Order of the Sun and the Lion [Nishan-i-Schir-u-Khorschid]. 3rd model (1848-1939), division for civil and foreign persons (with resting lion), probably 2nd-grade (Amir Toumane), 3rd-class set, manufacturing by Arthus-Bertrand, consisting of: sash badge, silver gilt and enamels, enamel painting, the applications fixed with 12 hollow rivets, with its full conditioned green and white sash ribbon, and breast star, silver brillanté, partly gilt, and enamels, the applications fixed with 18 hollow rivets, with pin and two lateral fixing hooks, in its original golden imprinted case of Arthus-Bertrand.
Äusserst selten / Extremely rare. Fast vorzüglich / About extremely fine. (2)
(~€ 935/USD 1’100)
; ORDEN, EHRENZEICHEN UND MEDAILLEN AUS ÜBERSEE; PERSIEN RESP. (SEIT 1935) IRAN (BIS 1979), KAISERREICH;
; ORDERS, DECORATIONS AND MEDALS FROM OVERSEAS; PERSIA RESP. (SINCE 1935) IRAN (UNTIL 1979), EMPIRE;
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Lot 4550
Order of the Sun and the Lion [Nishan-i-Schir-u-Khorschid]. 3rd model (1848-1939), division for (civil and) foreign persons (with resting lion), 3rd-class (six-ray) badge (for foreigners) with diamonds, Iranian manufacturing, diam. 77.2 mm, silver, partly gold-plated, centre with enamels and enamel painting, set with about 243 diamond roses and shards of various size (checked!), two missing, and 18 emeralds, 71.3 g, without neck ribbon. BWK3 66 var.
Gutes sehr schön / Good very fine.
(~€ 10’280/USD 12’090)
; ORDEN, EHRENZEICHEN UND MEDAILLEN AUS ÜBERSEE; PERSIEN RESP. (SEIT 1935) IRAN (BIS 1979), KAISERREICH;
; ORDERS, DECORATIONS AND MEDALS FROM OVERSEAS; PERSIA RESP. (SINCE 1935) IRAN (UNTIL 1979), EMPIRE;
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Page 1 of 2 (99 Lots total)