Royal Guelphic Order. 2nd edition (Hanoverian - 1837-1866), Military Commander 1st-class breast star, manufacturing by Friedrich Carl Büsch in Hanover from about 1860 until 1866, 72.1 x 72.1 mm, silver brillanté and repercé, centre gold, partly guilloché, and enamels, 83.5 g, with finest enamel painting, slight, nearly invisible enamel chips on the laurel leaves, swords silver, gold-plated, gold-plating on the reverse fixed with two hollow rivets, on the reverse manufacturer’s indication, with pin. OEK22 708.
Königlicher Welfen-Orden. 2. Ausgabe (hannoveranisch - 1837-1866), Bruststern zum militärischen Kommandeur 1. Klasse, Anfertigung der Firma Friedrich Carl Büsch in Hannover zwischen 1860 und 1866, 72,1 x 72,1 mm, Silber brillantiert und reperciert, Medaillon Gold, tlw. Guillochiert und emailliert, 83,5 g, mit feinster Emaille-Malerei, minimale, nahezu unsichtbare Emaille-Chips in den Lorbeerblättchen, die Schwerter Silber, Gold-plattiert, auf dem Revers befestigt mit jeweils zwei Hohlnieten, auf dem Revers Herstellerbezeichnung, an Nadel. OEK22 708.
Selten / Rare. Fast vorzüglich / About extremely fine.
(~€ 3’970/USD 4’670)
Rare breast star in splendid condition!
In consequence of the elevation of the Electorate of Hanover to a Kingdom by the Prince Regent George (1762-1830, Prince Regent from 1811 until 1820, King George IV since 1820) in the name of his father George III, King of Great Britain and Ireland, Elector of Hanover (1738-1820, reigned since 1760), he also instituted on August 12, 1815, the Royal Guelphic Order as a three-class (Knight Grand Cross, Knight Commander and Knight) order for civil and military merit. Thus, it was a royal order within the British system of orders of chivalry. With the end of the personal union between Great Britain and Hanover by the death of King William IV (1765-1837, reigned since 1830), the last male British Sovereign of the House of Hanover on the British throne, in 1837, the order in 1837 became a pure Hanoverian order under the reign of King Ernest [Ernst] August of Hanover (1771-1851, reigned since 1837). In 1841 new statutes were published. In 1866, due to the Prussian annexation of Hanover in 1866, the now four-class (de facto five classes - Grand Cross, Commander 1st and 2nd class, Knight and Member with a Silver Cross) order was abolished by the Prussian Government.
According to Klenau (in GK2 page II-220) between 1835 and 1865 only 59 1st-class military commanders were conferred to Hanoverians and 67 to foreigners.