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SINCONA Auction 67 (2/2)  -  20.10.2020 18:00
World Orders and Decorations (Germany, Europe, Overseas, Lots 4501-4599)

Page 1 of 2 (33 Lots total)
Lot 4502
Royal Guelphic Order. 2nd edition (Hanoverian - 1837-1866), Military Commander 1st-class breast star, manufacturing by Friedrich Carl Büsch in Hanover from about 1860 until 1866, 72.1 x 72.1 mm, silver brillanté and repercé, centre gold, partly guilloché, and enamels, 83.5 g, with finest enamel painting, slight, nearly invisible enamel chips on the laurel leaves, swords silver, gold-plated, gold-plating on the reverse fixed with two hollow rivets, on the reverse manufacturer’s indication, with pin. OEK22 708.

Königlicher Welfen-Orden. 2. Ausgabe (hannoveranisch - 1837-1866), Bruststern zum militärischen Kommandeur 1. Klasse, Anfertigung der Firma Friedrich Carl Büsch in Hannover zwischen 1860 und 1866, 72,1 x 72,1 mm, Silber brillantiert und reperciert, Medaillon Gold, tlw. Guillochiert und emailliert, 83,5 g, mit feinster Emaille-Malerei, minimale, nahezu unsichtbare Emaille-Chips in den Lorbeerblättchen, die Schwerter Silber, Gold-plattiert, auf dem Revers befestigt mit jeweils zwei Hohlnieten, auf dem Revers Herstellerbezeichnung, an Nadel. OEK22 708.
Selten / Rare. Fast vorzüglich / About extremely fine.
(~€ 3’970/USD 4’670)

Rare breast star in splendid condition!
In consequence of the elevation of the Electorate of Hanover to a Kingdom by the Prince Regent George (1762-1830, Prince Regent from 1811 until 1820, King George IV since 1820) in the name of his father George III, King of Great Britain and Ireland, Elector of Hanover (1738-1820, reigned since 1760), he also instituted on August 12, 1815, the Royal Guelphic Order as a three-class (Knight Grand Cross, Knight Commander and Knight) order for civil and military merit. Thus, it was a royal order within the British system of orders of chivalry. With the end of the personal union between Great Britain and Hanover by the death of King William IV (1765-1837, reigned since 1830), the last male British Sovereign of the House of Hanover on the British throne, in 1837, the order in 1837 became a pure Hanoverian order under the reign of King Ernest [Ernst] August of Hanover (1771-1851, reigned since 1837). In 1841 new statutes were published. In 1866, due to the Prussian annexation of Hanover in 1866, the now four-class (de facto five classes - Grand Cross, Commander 1st and 2nd class, Knight and Member with a Silver Cross) order was abolished by the Prussian Government.
According to Klenau (in GK2 page II-220) between 1835 and 1865 only 59 1st-class military commanders were conferred to Hanoverians and 67 to foreigners.
; DEUTSCHE ORDEN UND EHRENZEICHEN; HANNOVER, KURFÜRSTENTUM (BIS 1815) UND KÖNIGREICH (1815-1866);
; GERMAN ORDERS AND DECORATIONS; HANOVER, ELECTORATE (UNTIL 1815) AND KINGDOM (1815-1866);
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Lot 4504
Princely House Order of Hohenzollern. 3rd model (since 1852), Cross for Merit in Silver [Verdienstkreuz in Silber] or Silver Cross for Merit [Silbernes Verdienstkreuz] (1910), silver, with original ribbon. OEK22 1007.

Fürstlicher Hausorden von Hohenzollern. 3. Modell (seit 1862), Verdienstkreuz in Silber bzw. Silbernes Verdienstkreuz (1910), Silber, am originalen Band. OEK22 1007.
Gutes sehr schön / Good very fine.
(~€ 465/USD 550)

According to Link and Gauggel (in LNK p. 123) the Silver Cross for Merit was conferred by Prince Wilhelm (1864-1927, „reigning“ prince since 1905) between 1910 and 1927 120 times, and by Prince Friedrich (1891-1965, „reigning“ prince since 1927) between 1927 and 1965 only 51 times, so that in total only 171 of these crosses were conferred.
The originally only two-class (1st and 2nd class, with an affiliated medal in gold and silver) order, named Princely House Order of Hohenzollern in 1842, was established on December 5, 1841, by Prince Friedrich Wilhelm Constantin von Hohenzollern-Hechingen (1801-1869, reigned from 1838 until 1849) and by Prince Carl von Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen (1785-1853, reigned from 1831 until 1848). After the two Hohenzollern principalities had become Prussian territory in 1849, the order continued to be conferred as a house order.
The following decades brought numerous amendments and extensions. With the statutes’ addendum of June 6, 1910, the Cross for Merit in Gold and in Silver were introduced. Apparently, with the death of Prince Friedrich in 1965 the order ceeded to be conferred outside the princely family.
; DEUTSCHE ORDEN UND EHRENZEICHEN; FÜRSTENTUM VON HOHENZOLLERN (BIS 1849) UND FÜRSTENHAUS VON HOHENZOLLERN (SEIT 1849 RESP. 1869);
; GERMAN ORDERS AND DECORATIONS; FÜRSTENTUM VON HOHENZOLLERN (BIS 1849) UND FÜRSTENHAUS VON HOHENZOLLERN (SEIT 1849 RESP. 1869);
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Lot 4506
Order of the Red Eagle. 2nd model (eagle to the left - 1810-1829), jeweller’s manufacturing of a 1st-class breast star, 2nd edition (with the Hohenzollern arms on the eagle’s chest!), diam. 80.8 mm, silber brillanté, centre silver and enamels, with applications in gold and enamels, 47.1 g, the centre rotated about 100 degrees to the left, on the reverse with scratching „g5 mv“, with pin. OEK22 1599/3.

Roter Adler-Orden. 2. Modell (mit nach links gewandtem Adler - 1810-1829), Juweliersanfertigung eines Bruststerns zur 1. Klasse, 2. Ausgabe (mit Hohenzollern-Wappen auf der Brust des Adlers!), Durchmesser 80,8 mm, Silber brillantiert, Medaillon Silber emailliert, mit Auflagen in Gold emailliert, 47,1 g, das Medaillon um ca. 100 Grad nach links verdreht, auf dem Revers mit Einritzung „g5 mv“, an Nadel. OEK22 1599/3.
Sehr selten / Very rare. Gutes sehr schön / Good very fine.
(~€ 6’540/USD 7’690)

After the unification of the United Markgravates Brandenburg-Bayreuth and Brandenburg-Ansbach with the Kingdom of Prussia in 1792, also the Brandenburg Order of the Red Eagle [Brandenburgischer Orden vom Roten Adler] became, according to the suggestion of Carl August Freiherr von Hardenberg (1750-1822, since 1814 Fürst von Hardenberg), a one-class royal Prussian order (1st model). In 1810, during the reign of King Friedrich Wilhelm III (1770-1840, reigned since 1797), new statutes were issued, thus transforming the order into a three-class (1st to 3rd class, with annexed gold and silver medal) order for civil and military merit, the insignia showing a red eagle to the left (the so called Brandenburg eagle) without the Hohenzollern shield on the chest (2nd model). The first class, to be worn with a sash ribbon, was conferred with an embroidered breast star. But as a matter of fact, there exist embroidered breast stars with eagles turned sideways without and with the Hohenzollern shield on the chest, and it cannot be said if the latter ones belong to the 1st or to the 2nd model.
Due to the fact that embroidered breast stars were quite difficult to handle, especially for military officers, holders of the 1st class were allowed to order and buy at their own cost privately manufactured metal breast stars from jewellers, so-called Juweliers-Anfertigungen [jeweller’s manufacturings]. Of them exist as well pieces without and with Hohenzollern shields on the chest of the eagle. (See also KB3 pages 84 to 87.)
; DEUTSCHE ORDEN UND EHRENZEICHEN; PREUSSEN, KÖNIGREICH (1701-1918);
; GERMAN ORDERS AND DECORATIONS; PRUSSIA, KINGDOM (1701-1918);
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Lot 4507
Golden Wedding Medal (1879). Medal 1st class, bronze gilt and enamels, with small ribbon in its original case. OEK22 1857.

Goldene Hochzeitmedaille (1879). Medaille 1. Klasse, Bronze vergoldet und tlw. Emailliert, am Miniaturbändchen, im originalen Verleihungsetui. OEK22 1857.
Gutes sehr schön / Good very fine.
(~€ 560/USD 660)

On June 11, 1879, Wilhelm I (1797-1888, reigned since 1861 as king and since 1871 as Emperor), King of Prussia, German Emperor, and his consort, Queen and Empress Augusta (1811-1890), born Princess of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, celebrated their Golden Wedding. In commemoration of the festivities, King and Emperor Wilhelm I on August 11, 1879, instituted a three-class (1st to 3rd class) medal. The medal 1st class was intended for the guests and the family members. According to Hessenthal and Schreiber (in HS p. 117, no. 4061) the embossing stamps for the medals were made by the court medallist Friedrich Wilhelm Kullrich (1821-1887). According to them, too, only 100 medals 1st class were struck.
; DEUTSCHE ORDEN UND EHRENZEICHEN; PREUSSEN, KÖNIGREICH (1701-1918);
; GERMAN ORDERS AND DECORATIONS; PRUSSIA, KINGDOM (1701-1918);
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Lot 4508
Ducal Saxon-Ernestine House Order. 2nd model (without ciphers on the upper cross arm - 1864-1935), Commander 1st class [Komtur 1. Klasse], breast star for civil merit (with oak leaves’ wreath), diam. 86.9 mm, silver, the star made of four pieces soldered together, centre gold and enamels, with pin. OEK22 2368.

Herzoglich Sachsen-Ernestinischer Hausorden. 2. Modell (ohne Monogramme auf dem oberen Kreuzarm - 1864-1935), Stern zum Komtur 1. Klasse für Zivilverdienst (mit Eichenblatt-Kranz), Durchmesser 86,9 mm, Silber, gefertigt aus vier zusammengelöteten Strahlenkörpern, Medaillon Gold tlw. Emailliert, Chips in der grünen Emaille, an Nadel. OEK22 2368.
Gutes sehr schön / Good very fine.
(~€ 1’870/USD 2’200)

Instituted on December 25, 1833, as originally four-class (Grand Cross, Commander 1st and 2nd class and Knight, with affiliated Cross of Merit and Medal of Merit), joint house order for civil and military merit by Friedrich, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg (1763-1834, reigned since 1787), Ernst, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (1784-1844, reigned since 1806), and Bernhard II, Erich Freund, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen (1800-1882, reigned from 1803 until1866), in commemoration of the Order of the German Honesty [Orden der Teutschen Redlichkeit], instituted in 1690 by Duke Friedrich of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (1646-1691, reigned since 1675). Every Duchy had its own type of insignia, showing the reigning duke’s cipher on the upper cross arm (1st model). In 1864 this differentiation was abolished, and so the insignia were standardized, and the collar of the order, the Knights Cross 2nd class and the Gold Medal for Merit were introduced (2nd model). As the order was a house order of the Saxe-Ernestine Ducal families, also after the collapse of monarchy, Duke Carl Eduard of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (1884-1954, reigned from 1905 until 1918) continued to confer it until 1935, when the bestowals were prohibited by the German Government. Today the order is awarded again as a house order by the Prince and head of the ducal family of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, probably only in its Grand Cross class, at an unknown date upon King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden (born 1946, reigning since 1973).
; DEUTSCHE ORDEN UND EHRENZEICHEN; SÄCHSISCHE HERZOGTÜMER, ZUSAMMEN;
; GERMAN ORDERS AND DECORATIONS; SAXON DUCHIES, TOGETHER;
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Lot 4509
Ducal Saxon-Ernestine House Order. 2nd model (without ciphers on the upper cross arm - 1864-1935), Commander’s [Komtur] Cross for military merit (with laurel wreath!) without swords (!), gold and enamels, 38.2 g, with old, but later, partly lightened neck ribbon cut. OEK22 2367.

Herzoglich Sachsen-Ernestinischer Hausorden. 2. Modell (ohne Monogramme auf dem oberen Kreuzarm - 1864-1935), Komturkreuz für Militärverdienst (mit Lorbeerkranz!) ohne Schwerter, Gold emailliert, 38,2 g, am späteren, jedoch alten, tlw. Ausgebleichten Halsband-Abschnitt. OEK22 2367.
Gutes sehr schön / Good very fine.
(~€ 1’870/USD 2’200)

The order’s statutes of December 25, 1833, in article 14 clearly define that the insignia conferred for military merit should bear laurel wreaths around the centre and crossed swords through the centre. Despite this prescription, in all classes some insignia for military merit were conferred only with laurel wreath, but without crossed swords through the centre. There is no prescriptive evidence for this practice. It can only be speculated that these crosses from an unknown date were conferred upon commissioned officers who did not win it for service in direct war action.
; DEUTSCHE ORDEN UND EHRENZEICHEN; SÄCHSISCHE HERZOGTÜMER, ZUSAMMEN;
; GERMAN ORDERS AND DECORATIONS; SAXON DUCHIES, TOGETHER;
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Lot 4510
Order of the Westfalian Crown [Ordre de la Couronne de Westfalie]. Size-reduced reduction of a 1st-class knight’s badge, edition with lion to the right and eagle’s head to the left, 34.1 x 26.3 mm, gold engraved and ciselé, and enamels, 8.2 g, without ribbon.

Orden der Westfälischen Krone. Größenreduzierte Reduktion einer Ritter-Dekoration 1. Klasse, Ausgabe mit Löwe auf der rechten Seite und Kopf des Adlers nach links gewandt, 34,1 x 26,3 mm, Gold graviert und feinst ziseliert, tlw. Emailliert, 8,2 g, ohne Band.
Fast vorzüglich / About extremely fine.
(~€ 6’540/USD 7’690)

Excellently elaborated size-reduced reduction!
; DEUTSCHE ORDEN UND EHRENZEICHEN; WESTPHALEN, KÖNIGREICH (1807-1813);
; GERMAN ORDERS AND DECORATIONS; WESTPHALIA, KINGDOM (1807-1813);
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Lot 4513
Order of Dannebrog [Dannebrog-Ordenen]. Shorter collar of the order consisting of 26 „cross“-, 13 „W“- and 13 „C5“ links, silver cast and gilt, the crosses with so-called „cold enamel“ on both sides, 163.4 g, one „C5“ link with a hook. BWK2 168.
Gutes sehr schön / Good very fine.
(~€ 3’740/USD 4’395)

The order of Dannebrog was established on October 12, 1671 by King Christian V (1646-1699, reigned since 1670) as a renovation of an older order of knighthood, established by King Waldemar II (1170-1241, reigned since 1202) in 1219. Originally consisting of only one class, King Frederik VI of Denmark and Norway (1768-1839, reigned since 1808) enlarged the order on June 28, 1808, to four classes. Further amendments were instituted by the succeeding kings until present days.
There exist two types of collars for the order before 1808 and for the Grand Crosses after 1808, the longer ones consisting of 32 „cross“-, 16 „W“- and 16 „C5“ links, and the shorter ones consisting of 26 „cross“-, 13 „W“- and 13 „C5“ links.
; EUROPÄISCHE ORDEN, EHRENZEICHEN UND MEDAILLEN; DÄNEMARK, KÖNIGREICH;
; EUROPEAN ORDERS, DECORATIONS AND MEDALS; DENMARK, KINGDOM;
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Lot 4515
Royal Norwegian Order of Saint Olav [Kongelige Norsk St. Olavsorden]. 1st model (with royal cipher of king Oscar I between the cross arms - 1847-1906), grand cross breast star, 75.6 x 74.6 mm, manufacturing of Carlman in Stockholm between 1860 and 1882, silver brillanté, gold and enamels, 54.3 g, some hairline cracks in the white enamels, with pin. BWK3 74.
Sehr selten / Very rare. Gutes sehr schön / Good very fine.
(~€ 4’675/USD 5’495)

The originally three-class (Grand Cross, Commander and Knight) order for civil and military merit was instituted by King Oscar I of Sweden and Norway (1799-1859, reigned since 1844) for the Kingdom of Norway in Union with Sweden. According to Hallberg (Hallberg, Harald: Norske dekorasjoner - Tildelt med bånd til å bæres på uniform eller sivilt antrekk. Without place 2010. Pages 35 and 36) between 1860 and 1882 a total number of 279 were awarded to Norwegians, Swedes and foreigners. But due to the strict return obligations of the insignia after the holder’s death - they were conferred again - the number of pieces actually produced is much smaller, and the number of pieces available today even smaller.
; EUROPÄISCHE ORDEN, EHRENZEICHEN UND MEDAILLEN; NORWEGEN, KÖNIGREICH, UNION MIT SCHWEDEN (BIS 1905);
; EUROPEAN ORDERS, DECORATIONS AND MEDALS; KINGDOM OF NORWAY, UNION WITH SWEDEN (UNTIL 1905);
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Lot 4516
Order „Crown of Romania“ [Ordin „Coroana României“]. 1st model (1881-1932), private manufacturing of a Grand Officer’s [Mare Ofiţer] breast star with diamonds, diam. 100,9 mm, bronze brillanté and silvered, centre silver gilt and enamels, surrounded by 16 old cut paste stones, with pin, this with an unidentified mark.
Gutes sehr schön / Good very fine.
(EUR 2’800 / USD 3’300)

On March 26, 1861, the Principality of Romania was declared independent from the Ottoman Empire and proclaimed a sovereign kingdom, and its ruler, Prince Karl of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen as King Carol I of Romania (1839-1914, reigning since 1866 as prince and since 1881 a king of Romania). On May 10, 1881, the day of his coronation, he instituted the five-class (Grand Cross, Grand Officer, Commander, Officer and Knight) order for civil and military merit, with the royal decrees no. 1244/10 V 1881 and 1245/10 V 1881 (1st model). On May 9, 1932, the order was reorganized and the design of the insigna was changed by King Carol II (1893-1953, reigned from 1930 until 1940) with royal decree no. 1590/9 V 1932 (2nd model). (See also: Weber, Wilhelm: König Karl I. - Schöpfer des modernen Rumäniens, Gründer des rumänischen Ordenswesens und Stifter des Ordens „Krone Rumäniens“. In: Orden und Ehrenzeichen, year 9 (2007), no. 48. P. 23-32.)
; EUROPÄISCHE ORDEN, EHRENZEICHEN UND MEDAILLEN; RUMÄNIEN, KÖNIGREICH (1881-1947);
; EUROPEAN ORDERS, DECORATIONS AND MEDALS; ROMANIA, KINGDOM (1881-1947);
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Lot 4517
Order of the Saint Prince Wladimir, equal to the Apostles [Имперáторский орден Свяатого Равноапостольного Князя Владимира]. Cross 1st grade, manufacturing of Julius „Ivan“ Keibel in St. Petersburg between 1862 and 1882, 57.9 x 52.7 mm, 583/000 gold and enamels, 26.5 g, enamel painting, under the red enamels of the reverse upper cross arm mark for the court suppliers from 1840 to 1917, and under the red enamels of the reverse lower cross arm master’s mark „IK“, on the loop St. Petersburg hallmark for 56 zolotnik until 1898, some enamel scratches on the reverse, without ribbon. BWK4 694.
Gutes sehr schön, schön-sehr schön / Good very fine, fine-very fine.
(~€ 6’540/USD 7’690)

Julius (Ivan) Eduard Keibel (1825-1882) had started as apprentice in the company of his father Johann Wilhelm Keibel (1788-1862) and was promoted to master goldsmith in 1844. After his father’s death in 1862, he took over his company and continued the exclusive relationship to the Chapter of the Orders. After his death in 1882, his son Albert Konstantin Keibel (1854-1910) took over the firm.
The four-grade (1st to 4th grade) order for long service of civil servants was instituted by Empress Catherine II The Great (1729-1796, reigned since 1762) on the occasion of her 20-years jubilee of reign. The order was named after Vladimir I. Swjatoslawitch [Владимир Святославич] (about 960 until 1015), called The Great, from 970 to 988 Prince of Novgorod and since about 978/980 Grand Duke of the Kiev Rus, who among others had initiated Christianisation. He is venerated in the Orthodox Church as a Saint, as well as in the Catholic church.
The conferring of the 1st class required the high 2nd court ranking class. In all classes hereditary nobility was also conferred to Russians and to foreigners in Russian service. During the reign of Paul I (1754-1801, reigned since 1796) the order was not conferred. His son and successor Alexander I (1777-1825, reigned since 1809) by manifest of December 12, 1801, restored the order, which then continued to be conferred. Due to the end of the Russian Monarchy in February 1917 also the Order of Saint Vladimir ended to be conferred, and in November 1917 the order was juridically abolished together with the other Russian Imperial orders by a decree of the Bolshevik Government.
; EUROPÄISCHE ORDEN, EHRENZEICHEN UND MEDAILLEN; RUSSLAND, KAISERREICH (BIS 1917);
; EUROPEAN ORDERS, DECORATIONS AND MEDALS; RUSSIA, EMPIRE (UNTIL 1917);
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Lot 4519
Royal Order of the Northern Star [Kungliga Nordstjärneorden]. Order’s collar, type with „closed“ crowns, manufacturing by C. F. Carlman in Stockholm, consisting of 10 „FF“-links (one as a closing link and one as a link for wearing), and 10 „star“ links, silver gilt and enamels, the white enamels of the stars mostly spotted, with grand cross badge, silver gilt, centres gold, and enamels, star of the centre on obverse and reverse with damages and repairs, two cross arms with bad repairs on the reverse, total weight 384.8 g, in its original octogonal case of Carlman. BWK4 234, 235.
Gutes sehr schön, schön / Good very fine, fine.
(~€ 3’740/USD 4’395)

On February 23, 1748, King Frederik I of Sweden (1676-1751, since 1720 King of Sweden, since 1730 also Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel) established the originally two-class (commanders and knights) order together with the Order of the Seraphim and the Royal Order of the Sword [Kungliga Svärdsorden]. In 1762 King Gustav III (1746-1792, reigned since 1771) established the order’s collar for the commanders. King Oscar I (1799-1859, reigned since 1844) in 1844 established the grand cross class, called „Commander with Grand Cross“ [kommandör med storkors] and transferred the collar to this highest class. With resolution of the Swedish parliament of June 6, 1973, the conferring of the order on Swedish subjects was abolished, thus the collar ceeded to exist. On August 1, 1995, the order, reserved for foreigners only, received new statutes.
; EUROPÄISCHE ORDEN, EHRENZEICHEN UND MEDAILLEN; SCHWEDEN, KÖNIGREICH;
; EUROPEAN ORDERS, DECORATIONS AND MEDALS; SWEDEN, KINGDOM;
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Lot 4520
Group of seven (of originally eight) awards, mounted as worn: 1) Kingdom of Italy: Order of the Crown of Italy [Ordine della Corona d’Italia], knight’s cross [cavaliere], gold and enamels; 2) Sweden: Olympic medal Gustav V [Gustav V Olymposka medalj], silver, with engraver’s name „A.LINDENBERG“; 3) French Republic: National Order of the Legion of Honour [Ordre National de la Légion d’honneur], 9th model (with „Marianne“ and the year „1870“ on the obverse centre - 1870-1951), officer’s decoration [officier], 800/000 silver gilt and enamels, with slight enamel damages, with French warranty mark for 800/000 silver from 1838 until 1961 (boar’s head), with applied rosette on the ribbon; 4) Spain: Order of Isabella the Catholic [Orden de Isabel la Catolica], 2. Model (with cipher „FRO7“ or „FR“ in the reverse centre), knight’s cross [caballero], silver gilt, centres gold and enamels, finest enamel painting; 5) Czechoslovakia: Czechoslovakian Order of the White Lion [Československý řad bílého Iva], 1st model (with crowned lion - 1922-1939), cross 4th class for civil merit, silver, partly gilt, and enamels, with enamel damage, with applied rosette on the ribbon; 6) French Republic: Academic Palmes [Palmes Académiques], 2nd model (two classes, in metal - 1866-1955), decoration of an Officer of the Academy [Officier de l’Académie] (so-called „Silver Academic Palms“), silver and enamels, with enamel damages on obverse and reverse; 7) Ottoman Empire: Order of Mecidiye, 2nd modell, 2nd issue (with facettes - since about the 1870ies), decoration 5th class, manufacturing of the Ottoman mint in Constantinople during the reign of Sultan Mehmet V Reshad (1844-1918, reigned since 1909), silver brillanté, center gold and enamels, on the reverse manufacturer’s indication, surmounting halfmoon and star missing. Mounted on a Swedish style bar, with pin.
Fast vorzüglich, gutes sehr schön, sehr schön / Almost extremely fine, good very fine, very fine. (7)
(~€ 1’400/USD 1’650)

Due to the Swedish strict prescription to return the order’s insignia after the death of the holder, the here missing knight’s decoration of a Swedish Order (probably of the Royal Order of Vasa), was given back to the Swedish Chancery of the Orders of Chivalry.
; EUROPÄISCHE ORDEN, EHRENZEICHEN UND MEDAILLEN; SCHWEDEN, KÖNIGREICH;
; EUROPEAN ORDERS, DECORATIONS AND MEDALS; SWEDEN, KINGDOM;
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Lot 4521
Order of Osmanje [Nişan-ı Osmani]. 2nd model (badge with green rays - 1867-1922) 1st-class badge with diamonds, manufacturing of the Imperial Ottoman Mint [Darphâne-i Âmire] in Constantinople, gold and enamels, with 48 diamond roses and shards, partly set à jour, one missing, large half moon in the centre silver gilt, 41.0 g, small enamel damages on eight rays on obverse and reverse, suspension probably replaced in silver gilt, without sash ribbon. BWK4 185 var.
Sehr selten / Very rare. Sehr schön / Very fine.
(~€ 7’475/USD 8’790)

Immediately after his accession to the throne Sultan Abdulaziz (1830-1876, reigned since 1861) reflected on the creation of a second Ottoman order of merit after the Order of Mecidiye [Nişanı Mecîdî], established in 1852. With ferman dated 21 Muharrem AH 1278 [December 9, AD 1861] he established the three-class (1st to 3rd class) Order of Osmanje - Nişan-ı Osmani] for civil and military merit (1st model), named after Sultan Osman I. Gazi (1258-1324/26, reigned since 1281/88), the first Sultan of the Ottoman Empire. From the beginning, the new order was ranking above the older Order of Mecidiye. In 1867 the statutes were amended thus changing the colour of the enamels from entirely red to partly green (2nd model). As a special honour, the insignia of the 1st class of the order also could be conferred with diamonds. After the Sultanate was abolished in 1922, also the order ceeded to exist.
; EUROPÄISCHE ORDEN, EHRENZEICHEN UND MEDAILLEN; TÜRKEI, OSMANISCHES REICH (BIS 1923);
; EUROPEAN ORDERS, DECORATIONS AND MEDALS; TÜRKEI, OSMANISCHES REICH (BIS 1923);
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Lot 4525
Star of the Members of the National Assembly of the Ottoman Empire [Meclis-i Meb’ûsân-ι Osmânî Azalarina Mahsûs Gorec Alâmeti]. Edition for the third parlamentary session of the Ottoman National Assembly from AR 1332 [AD 1916] until AR 1335 [AD 1919], manufacturing of the Ottoman Mint [Darphâne-i Âmire] in Constantinople from the reign of Sultan Mehmet V Reshad (1844-1918, reigned since 1909) in 1916, diam. 83.0 mm, white metal (silver?) gilt and enamelled, 67.2 g, two enamel damages and some chipping on the rays, three of the longest rays on the reverse marked with „S“, on the reverse two fixing bows, without sash ribbon. BWK4 138.
Sehr selten / Very rare. Sehr schön / Very fine.
(~€ 3’740/USD 4’395)

The star was instituted in 1916 by command of Sultan Mehmet V Reshad (1844-1918, reigned since 1909) for the opening of the third parlamentary session of the National Assembly of the Ottoman Empire and handed over to the deputies. Probably there do not exist issues with other years of other sessions.
; EUROPÄISCHE ORDEN, EHRENZEICHEN UND MEDAILLEN; TÜRKEI, OSMANISCHES REICH (BIS 1923);
; EUROPEAN ORDERS, DECORATIONS AND MEDALS; TÜRKEI, OSMANISCHES REICH (BIS 1923);
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Lot 4526
Order of Pius [Ordo Pianus]. Collar set of the order, 2nd editon (closed collar - since the 1970ies), probably made by Guccione in Rome, consisting of: collar chain with six coat of arms links, six papal symbol links, 13 ornamental links, two dove links and one tiara link, silver gilt and enamels, with enamel painting, with attached order’s badge, 2nd type, silver gilt and enamels, reverse centre without enamels, and breast star, 2nd type, silver, partly gilt and enamels, reverse centre without enamels, with pin, in its original case with the golden coat of arms of Pope Paul VI (1897-1978, Pope since 1963).
Äusserst selten / Extremely rare. Gutes sehr schön / Good very fine. (2)
(~€ 6’540/USD 7’690)

Shortly after his accession to the Papal throne, Pope Pius IX [Pio Nono] (Giovanni Maria conte Mastai-Ferretti - 1792-1878, Pope since 1846) by Breve „Romanis Pontificibus“ dated June 17, 1847, established the originally two-class (1st class/neck decoration, with or without breast star, and 2nd class/breast decoration) highest order of the Holy See for civil and military merit. In 1849 resp. 1856 a grand cross class was added.
By Pope Pius XII (Eugenio Paccelli - 1876-1958, Pope since 1939) with Apostolic Letter „Egregio ducti consilio“ of December 25, 1957, the collar of the order was established. By Motuproprio „Equestres Ordines“ of April 15, 1966, Pope Paul VI (1897-1978, Pope since 1963) decreed the collar of the order furtheron to be reserved to heads of states only. Due to fact that the Papal Order of Christ [Ordo Supremus Militia Domini Nostri Jesu Christi] as well as the Order of Order of the Golden Spur [Ordo Equestri Militiae Auratae] are not longer awarded, the collar of the Order of Pius today is considered as the highest order to be conferred by the Pope.
According to the holders list published by Herkner (Herkner, Norbert: Der Pius-Orden, seine Goldene Kollane und ihre Träger. In: Orden und Ehrenzeichen, 3rd year no. 15 (Ocrober 2001), p. 2-8) only 25 collars of this order were awarded by Pope Paul VI between 1963 and 1977.
; EUROPÄISCHE ORDEN, EHRENZEICHEN UND MEDAILLEN; HEILIGER STUHL, KIRCHENSTAAT UND VATIKAN;
; EUROPEAN ORDERS, DECORATIONS AND MEDALS; HOLY SEE, CHURCH STATE AND VATICAN;
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Lot 4527
Order of the Leader [Nishan-e Sardari]. Superior-class breast star with diamonds, diam. 58.6 mm, manufacturing by Spink & Son Ltd. In London, with arms in the form from 1919 until after 1923, gold, set with eight old or drop cut diamonds, 43.6 g, with pin, in its original case by Spink. BWK1 33.
Äusserst selten / Extremely rare. Fast vorzüglich / About extremely fine.
(~€ 28’035/USD 32’965)

Probably the order was originally established by Habibullah Khan, Amir of Afghanistan (1872-1919, reigned since 1901) as a rank badge for military leaders [Sardar] before 1907. Since 1907 it was also used as order for merit. In 1922 during the reign of Amanullah Khan (1892-1960, reigned from 1919 until 1926 as emir and from 1926 until 1929 as king) the now two-class order was institutionalized by the Afghan Parliament [Durga]. In 1923 statutes were issued.
According to the unconfirmed information of the consignor, this piece was made for Habibullah Khan, and after his death also worn by his successor Amanullah Khan.
; ORDEN, EHRENZEICHEN UND MEDAILLEN AUS ÜBERSEE; AFGHANISTAN, EMIRATE UND KÖNIGREICH (BIS 1973);
; ORDERS, DECORATIONS AND MEDALS FROM OVERSEAS; AFGHANISTAN, EMIRATE AND KINGDOM (UNTIL 1973);
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Lot 4528
Imperial Order of the Rose [Ordem Imperial da Rosa]. Commander’s breast star (small diameter, surmounted with crown), edition with green enamelled inside of the crown, 73.4 x 54.0 mm, gold (also the star corpus!) and enamels, 36.2 g, finest enamel painting, superficial enamel chipping on the 2 o’clock ray, two roses nearly invisibly repaired, slight gold patina, with pin. BWK1 109.
Gutes sehr schön / Good very fine.
(~€ 3’270/USD 3’845)

The Imperial Order of the Rose [Ordem Imperial da Rosa] was instituted by Emperor Dom Pedro I (1798-1834, Emperor of Brazil from 1831) who established the seven-class (Collar, Grand Cross, Grand Dignitaries, Dignitaries, Commander, Officers and Knights) order for civil and military merit on October 17, 1829, on occasion of his wedding with his second wife Princess Amélie von Leuchtenberg (1812-1873), fourth daughter of Eugène-Rose de Beauharnais, Herzog von Leuchtenberg and Fürst von Eichstätt (1781-1824) and Auguste Princess of Bavaria (1788-1851). After the abdication of Pedro I in 1831 in favour of his son Pedro II (1825-1891, reigned from 1831/1840 until 1889), during the regency until 1840, the order was not conferred. After the coronation of Pedro II on July 28, 1841, the order was again to be conferred, until 1889, when Pedro II was forced to abdicate. With the foundation of the Republic of Brazil the order ceeded to exist.
; ORDEN, EHRENZEICHEN UND MEDAILLEN AUS ÜBERSEE; BRASILIEN, KAISERREICH (1822-1889);
; ORDERS, DECORATIONS AND MEDALS FROM OVERSEAS; BRAZIL, EMPIRE (1822-1889);
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Lot 4529
Imperial Order of the Rose [Ordem Imperial da Rosa]. Officer’s breast star (small diameter, without crown), diam. 59.4 mm, silver gilt, applications gold and enamels, with finest enamel painting, some enamel damages and repairs, with pin, pin hook on the reverse replaced. BWK1 110.
Sehr schön / Very fine.
(EUR 1’400 / USD 1’650)
; ORDEN, EHRENZEICHEN UND MEDAILLEN AUS ÜBERSEE; BRASILIEN, KAISERREICH (1822-1889);
; ORDERS, DECORATIONS AND MEDALS FROM OVERSEAS; BRAZIL, EMPIRE (1822-1889);
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Lot 4531
Order of Muhammad Ali [Nishan al-Muhammad’Ali]. 2nd model (1919-1953), Grand Cordon set of insignia, manufactured by Lattes in Cairo, consisting of order’s badge, 750/000 (18 K) massive gold and enamels, set à jour with six rubies and six emeralds, 56.3 g (!), on the reverse manufacturer’s indication, on the agraffe Cairo gold mark „18 „ [18] and year mark „Z“ for 1949, with its full original conditioned sash ribbon, and breast star, 750/000 (18 K) massive gold, partly brillanté, and enamels, set à jour with six rubies and six emeralds, 134.2 g (!), on the reverse manufacturer’s indication, with pin, this with French mark for foreign production since 1893 (owl), with two fixing pins, one slightly bent, the other broken away, but present, in its original rubbed gold imprinted leather case with the Royal cipher of King Fu’ ad I (1868-1936, Sultan from 1917 until 1922, king since 1922). BWK2 20, 21.
Sehr selten / Very rare. Fast vorzüglich / About extremely fine.
(~€ 28’035/USD 32’965)

In consequence of his elevation to Sultan of Egypt by the British, Hussein Kamel (1853-1917, reigned since 1914) from the Muhammad Ali Dynasty by decree dated Abdîn Palce at Cairo April 4, 1915, established this three-class (Collar [al qilâda], 1st class or Grand Cordon [al-wisâh-al-akbar] and 2nd class [al-tabaqa al-aulâ], with annexed gold [nûtu ‘l-zahab] and silver medal [nûtu ‘l-fidda] of the order) order as the highest order of the sultanate, named after Muhammad Ali Pasha al-Mas’ud ibn Agha (1769-1849, from 1805 until 1848 Wâli and de facto ruler of Egypt and Sudan), the founder of the dynasty, originally originating from Albania (1st model).
Sultan Fuad I (1868-1936, since 1917 Sultan and since 1922 King of Egypt) by decree of August 11, 1919, then changed the design fundamentally, especially in using now massive gold instead of the former silver and in setting precious stones to the insignia, and reduced the number of holders of the 1st class from 30 to 15 (excluding the princes of the royal family and foreigners in Egyptian service). After the proclamation of the Kingdom of Egypt on March 15, 1922, new statues were issued by Royal decree no. 4 on January 1, 1923, without changing the design of the insignia. By Royal decree no. 50 dated May 24, 1926, the second class of the order was abolished, and the name of the 1st class was changed into ”Grand Cordon” [al-wisâh-al-akbar]. After the proclamation of the Arab Republic of Egypt on June 18, 1953, the order ceeded to exist. (Source: Ägypten - Mohammed Ali-Orden. In KOL1.)
; ORDEN, EHRENZEICHEN UND MEDAILLEN AUS ÜBERSEE; ÄGYPTEN, KÖNIGREICH (1923-1953);
; ORDERS, DECORATIONS AND MEDALS FROM OVERSEAS; EGYPT, KINGDOM (1923-1953);
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