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LotArt. Nr.DescriptionResultStarting bidResult / Starting bidResult / Purchase price
(w/o premium):
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SINCONA Auction 67 (2/2)  -  20.10.2020 18:00
World Orders and Decorations (Germany, Europe, Overseas, Lots 4501-4599)

Page 1 of 5 (99 Lots total)
Lot 4501
Order of Theresia. Cross for the ladies of the order, special edition with diamonds on the cipher „T“, probably manufacturing from the second half of the 19th century, gold and enamels, the cipher set with eight old cut diamonds and diamond roses, the surmounting crown silver gilt, total weight (with bow) 22.2 g, slight cracks, chipping and repairs in the white enamels of obverse and reverse, with old lady’s bow, without pin. OEK22 446.

Theresien-Orden. Kreuz der Ordensdamen, Ausgabe mit Diamanten im Monogramm „T“, Anfertigung wohl aus der zweiten Häfte des 19. Jahrhunderts, Gold emailliert, das Monogramm besetzt mit acht Diamanten in Altschliff und Diamantrosen, die Kronen-Überhöhung Silber vergoldet, Gesamtgewicht (mit Schleife) 22.2 g, min. Sprünge, Chips und Reparaturen in der weißen Emaille von Avers und Revers, an originaler alter Damenschleife, ohne Nadel. OEK22 446.
Sehr schön / Very fine.
(EUR 1’400 / USD 1’650)

The one-class, 2nd Bavarian order for ladies (after the Order of Saint Elisabeth) was instituted by Queen Therese of Bavaria (born Princess of Saxe-Hildburghausen, 1792-1854, since 1825 wife of King Ludwig I), on December 12, 1827 as an order for the „daughters of the Bavarian Nobility“ [Töchter des bayerischen Adels]. The order was given to 15 or 16 ordinary ladies of the order, who received an annual pension [Präbende] and to an unlimited number of ladies of honour of the order. According to the statutes, the ordinary insignia did not have diamonds, but from the beginning on there existed pieces with the cipher set with diamonds, and in rare cases also with the surmounting crown set in diamonds. The purpose of those is not known. With the end of monarchy in Bavaria in November 1918, the order ceeded to exist as an order of the State of Bavaria, but until today it is conferred as a female dynastical order of the Royal family of the Dukes of Bavaria.
; DEUTSCHE ORDEN UND EHRENZEICHEN; BAYERN, KURFÜRSTENTUM (BIS 1806) UND KÖNIGREICH (1806-1918);
; GERMAN ORDERS AND DECORATIONS; BAVARIA, ELECTORATE (UNTIL 1806) AND KINGDOM (1806-1918);
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Lot 4502
Royal Guelphic Order. 2nd edition (Hanoverian - 1837-1866), Military Commander 1st-class breast star, manufacturing by Friedrich Carl Büsch in Hanover from about 1860 until 1866, 72.1 x 72.1 mm, silver brillanté and repercé, centre gold, partly guilloché, and enamels, 83.5 g, with finest enamel painting, slight, nearly invisible enamel chips on the laurel leaves, swords silver, gold-plated, gold-plating on the reverse fixed with two hollow rivets, on the reverse manufacturer’s indication, with pin. OEK22 708.

Königlicher Welfen-Orden. 2. Ausgabe (hannoveranisch - 1837-1866), Bruststern zum militärischen Kommandeur 1. Klasse, Anfertigung der Firma Friedrich Carl Büsch in Hannover zwischen 1860 und 1866, 72,1 x 72,1 mm, Silber brillantiert und reperciert, Medaillon Gold, tlw. Guillochiert und emailliert, 83,5 g, mit feinster Emaille-Malerei, minimale, nahezu unsichtbare Emaille-Chips in den Lorbeerblättchen, die Schwerter Silber, Gold-plattiert, auf dem Revers befestigt mit jeweils zwei Hohlnieten, auf dem Revers Herstellerbezeichnung, an Nadel. OEK22 708.
Selten / Rare. Fast vorzüglich / About extremely fine.
(~€ 3’970/USD 4’670)

Rare breast star in splendid condition!
In consequence of the elevation of the Electorate of Hanover to a Kingdom by the Prince Regent George (1762-1830, Prince Regent from 1811 until 1820, King George IV since 1820) in the name of his father George III, King of Great Britain and Ireland, Elector of Hanover (1738-1820, reigned since 1760), he also instituted on August 12, 1815, the Royal Guelphic Order as a three-class (Knight Grand Cross, Knight Commander and Knight) order for civil and military merit. Thus, it was a royal order within the British system of orders of chivalry. With the end of the personal union between Great Britain and Hanover by the death of King William IV (1765-1837, reigned since 1830), the last male British Sovereign of the House of Hanover on the British throne, in 1837, the order in 1837 became a pure Hanoverian order under the reign of King Ernest [Ernst] August of Hanover (1771-1851, reigned since 1837). In 1841 new statutes were published. In 1866, due to the Prussian annexation of Hanover in 1866, the now four-class (de facto five classes - Grand Cross, Commander 1st and 2nd class, Knight and Member with a Silver Cross) order was abolished by the Prussian Government.
According to Klenau (in GK2 page II-220) between 1835 and 1865 only 59 1st-class military commanders were conferred to Hanoverians and 67 to foreigners.
; DEUTSCHE ORDEN UND EHRENZEICHEN; HANNOVER, KURFÜRSTENTUM (BIS 1815) UND KÖNIGREICH (1815-1866);
; GERMAN ORDERS AND DECORATIONS; HANOVER, ELECTORATE (UNTIL 1815) AND KINGDOM (1815-1866);
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Lot 4503
Order of Ernst August. 1st-model (with royal crowns and ducal hats between the cross arms), 2nd-edition (with „open“ crowns and ducal hats), 1st-class Commander set of insignia, manufacturing by Friedrich Carl Büsch in Hanover from 1866 until after 1868, consisting of: Commanders badge, 59.1 x 56.1 mm, gold, partly guilloché, and enamels, 32.3 g, with original old, not assembled but worn neck ribbon, and breast star, 70.9 x 68.6 mm, silver brillanté and repercé, centre gold, partly guilloché, and enamels, 64.4 g, on the reverse manufacturer’s indication, with pin, in its original, slightly rubbed case. OEK22 715, 716.

Ernst August-Orden. 1. Modell (mit königlichen Kronen und heraldischen Herzogshüten zwischen den Kreuzarmen), 2. Ausgabe (mit „ungefüllten“ Kronen und Herzogshüten), Komtur-Set 1. Klasse, Anfertigung der Firma Friedrich Carl Büsch in Hannover zwischen 1866 und 1868, bestehend aus: Komturkreuz, 59,1 x 56,1 mm, Gold, tlw. Guillochiert, emailliert, 32,3 g, mit originalem alten, nicht konfektionierten, jedoch getragenen Halsband, und Bruststern, 70,9 x 68,6 mm, Silber brillantiert und reperciert, Medaillon Gold, tlw. Guillochiert, emailliert, 64,4 g, auf dem Revers Herstellerangabe, an Nadel, im originalen, jedoch etwas beriebenen Verleihungsetui. OEK22 715, 716.
Sehr selten / Very rare. Fast vorzüglich / About extremely fine. (2)
(~€ 9’345/USD 10’990)

The five-class (Grand Cross, Commander 1st and 2nd class, Knight 1st and 2nd class, with annexed gold and silver cross for merit) Order for civil and military merit was instituted on December 15, 1865, by King George V of Hanover (1819-1878, reigned from 1851 until 1866), and named after his father King Ernest [Ernst] August of Hanover (1771-1851, reigned since 1837). After the order had been abolished by the Prussian Government in 1866 due to the Prussian annexation of the Kingdom of Hanover, King George V also in exile continued to confer this order in all classes, as well did his son and successor as head of the Royal House of Hanover, (Crown) Prince Ernst August of Hanover, 3rd Duke of Cumberland und Teviotdale und 3rd Earl of Armagh (1845-1923).
It is unknown when the change from filled to open crowns was effected. According to Klenau (in GK2 S. II-220) between 1866 and 1877 only 45 1st-class commander sets were conferred. According to Thies and Hapke (in TH page (46)), in this period 24 1st-class commander sets were conferred to Hanoverians, and 21 to foreigners.
; DEUTSCHE ORDEN UND EHRENZEICHEN; HANNOVER, KURFÜRSTENTUM (BIS 1815) UND KÖNIGREICH (1815-1866);
; GERMAN ORDERS AND DECORATIONS; HANOVER, ELECTORATE (UNTIL 1815) AND KINGDOM (1815-1866);
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Lot 4504
Princely House Order of Hohenzollern. 3rd model (since 1852), Cross for Merit in Silver [Verdienstkreuz in Silber] or Silver Cross for Merit [Silbernes Verdienstkreuz] (1910), silver, with original ribbon. OEK22 1007.

Fürstlicher Hausorden von Hohenzollern. 3. Modell (seit 1862), Verdienstkreuz in Silber bzw. Silbernes Verdienstkreuz (1910), Silber, am originalen Band. OEK22 1007.
Gutes sehr schön / Good very fine.
(~€ 465/USD 550)

According to Link and Gauggel (in LNK p. 123) the Silver Cross for Merit was conferred by Prince Wilhelm (1864-1927, „reigning“ prince since 1905) between 1910 and 1927 120 times, and by Prince Friedrich (1891-1965, „reigning“ prince since 1927) between 1927 and 1965 only 51 times, so that in total only 171 of these crosses were conferred.
The originally only two-class (1st and 2nd class, with an affiliated medal in gold and silver) order, named Princely House Order of Hohenzollern in 1842, was established on December 5, 1841, by Prince Friedrich Wilhelm Constantin von Hohenzollern-Hechingen (1801-1869, reigned from 1838 until 1849) and by Prince Carl von Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen (1785-1853, reigned from 1831 until 1848). After the two Hohenzollern principalities had become Prussian territory in 1849, the order continued to be conferred as a house order.
The following decades brought numerous amendments and extensions. With the statutes’ addendum of June 6, 1910, the Cross for Merit in Gold and in Silver were introduced. Apparently, with the death of Prince Friedrich in 1965 the order ceeded to be conferred outside the princely family.
; DEUTSCHE ORDEN UND EHRENZEICHEN; FÜRSTENTUM VON HOHENZOLLERN (BIS 1849) UND FÜRSTENHAUS VON HOHENZOLLERN (SEIT 1849 RESP. 1869);
; GERMAN ORDERS AND DECORATIONS; FÜRSTENTUM VON HOHENZOLLERN (BIS 1849) UND FÜRSTENHAUS VON HOHENZOLLERN (SEIT 1849 RESP. 1869);
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Lot 4505
Bailiwick Brandenburg of the Chivalric Order of Saint John of the Hospital of Jerusalem (Johanniter Order). Neck cross of the Knights of Justice, German manufacturing probably from the 1920ies or 1930ies, bronze gilt and enamels, enamel repairs in some tips of the cross, with replaced new neck ribbon. OEK22 1801.

Balley Brandenburg des Ritterlichen Ordens St. Johannis vom Spital zu Jerusalem (Johanniter-Orden). Halskreuz der Rechtsritter, deutsche Anfertigung wohl der 1920er oder 1930er Jahre, Bronze vergoldet und emailliert, Emaille-Reparaturen in einigen Kreuzarm-Spitzen, am ergänzten neuen Halsband. OEK22 1801.
Gutes sehr schön / Good very fine.
(~€ 95/USD 110)

• Dieses Los unterliegt bei Auslieferung in der Schweiz der Margenbesteuerung gemäss MWSTG 24a (22.5% Aufgeld inkl. Gesetzlicher Mehrwertsteuer)
• When delivered in Switzerland, this lot is subject to the margin taxation scheme in accordance with article 24a of the Federal Act on Value Added Tax (22.5% buyer’s premium incl. Statutory VAT).
; DEUTSCHE ORDEN UND EHRENZEICHEN; PREUSSEN, KÖNIGREICH (1701-1918);
; GERMAN ORDERS AND DECORATIONS; PRUSSIA, KINGDOM (1701-1918);




Dieses Los unterliegt bei Auslieferung in der Schweiz der Margenbesteuerung gemäss MWSTG 24a (22.5% Aufgeld inkl. gesetzlicher Mehrwertsteuer)

When delivered in Switzerland, this lot is subject to the margin taxation scheme in accordance with article 24a of the Federal Act on Value Added Tax (22.5% buyer’s premium incl. statutory VAT)
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Lot 4506
Order of the Red Eagle. 2nd model (eagle to the left - 1810-1829), jeweller’s manufacturing of a 1st-class breast star, 2nd edition (with the Hohenzollern arms on the eagle’s chest!), diam. 80.8 mm, silber brillanté, centre silver and enamels, with applications in gold and enamels, 47.1 g, the centre rotated about 100 degrees to the left, on the reverse with scratching „g5 mv“, with pin. OEK22 1599/3.

Roter Adler-Orden. 2. Modell (mit nach links gewandtem Adler - 1810-1829), Juweliersanfertigung eines Bruststerns zur 1. Klasse, 2. Ausgabe (mit Hohenzollern-Wappen auf der Brust des Adlers!), Durchmesser 80,8 mm, Silber brillantiert, Medaillon Silber emailliert, mit Auflagen in Gold emailliert, 47,1 g, das Medaillon um ca. 100 Grad nach links verdreht, auf dem Revers mit Einritzung „g5 mv“, an Nadel. OEK22 1599/3.
Sehr selten / Very rare. Gutes sehr schön / Good very fine.
(~€ 6’540/USD 7’690)

After the unification of the United Markgravates Brandenburg-Bayreuth and Brandenburg-Ansbach with the Kingdom of Prussia in 1792, also the Brandenburg Order of the Red Eagle [Brandenburgischer Orden vom Roten Adler] became, according to the suggestion of Carl August Freiherr von Hardenberg (1750-1822, since 1814 Fürst von Hardenberg), a one-class royal Prussian order (1st model). In 1810, during the reign of King Friedrich Wilhelm III (1770-1840, reigned since 1797), new statutes were issued, thus transforming the order into a three-class (1st to 3rd class, with annexed gold and silver medal) order for civil and military merit, the insignia showing a red eagle to the left (the so called Brandenburg eagle) without the Hohenzollern shield on the chest (2nd model). The first class, to be worn with a sash ribbon, was conferred with an embroidered breast star. But as a matter of fact, there exist embroidered breast stars with eagles turned sideways without and with the Hohenzollern shield on the chest, and it cannot be said if the latter ones belong to the 1st or to the 2nd model.
Due to the fact that embroidered breast stars were quite difficult to handle, especially for military officers, holders of the 1st class were allowed to order and buy at their own cost privately manufactured metal breast stars from jewellers, so-called Juweliers-Anfertigungen [jeweller’s manufacturings]. Of them exist as well pieces without and with Hohenzollern shields on the chest of the eagle. (See also KB3 pages 84 to 87.)
; DEUTSCHE ORDEN UND EHRENZEICHEN; PREUSSEN, KÖNIGREICH (1701-1918);
; GERMAN ORDERS AND DECORATIONS; PRUSSIA, KINGDOM (1701-1918);
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Lot 4507
Golden Wedding Medal (1879). Medal 1st class, bronze gilt and enamels, with small ribbon in its original case. OEK22 1857.

Goldene Hochzeitmedaille (1879). Medaille 1. Klasse, Bronze vergoldet und tlw. Emailliert, am Miniaturbändchen, im originalen Verleihungsetui. OEK22 1857.
Gutes sehr schön / Good very fine.
(~€ 560/USD 660)

On June 11, 1879, Wilhelm I (1797-1888, reigned since 1861 as king and since 1871 as Emperor), King of Prussia, German Emperor, and his consort, Queen and Empress Augusta (1811-1890), born Princess of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, celebrated their Golden Wedding. In commemoration of the festivities, King and Emperor Wilhelm I on August 11, 1879, instituted a three-class (1st to 3rd class) medal. The medal 1st class was intended for the guests and the family members. According to Hessenthal and Schreiber (in HS p. 117, no. 4061) the embossing stamps for the medals were made by the court medallist Friedrich Wilhelm Kullrich (1821-1887). According to them, too, only 100 medals 1st class were struck.
; DEUTSCHE ORDEN UND EHRENZEICHEN; PREUSSEN, KÖNIGREICH (1701-1918);
; GERMAN ORDERS AND DECORATIONS; PRUSSIA, KINGDOM (1701-1918);
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Lot 4508
Ducal Saxon-Ernestine House Order. 2nd model (without ciphers on the upper cross arm - 1864-1935), Commander 1st class [Komtur 1. Klasse], breast star for civil merit (with oak leaves’ wreath), diam. 86.9 mm, silver, the star made of four pieces soldered together, centre gold and enamels, with pin. OEK22 2368.

Herzoglich Sachsen-Ernestinischer Hausorden. 2. Modell (ohne Monogramme auf dem oberen Kreuzarm - 1864-1935), Stern zum Komtur 1. Klasse für Zivilverdienst (mit Eichenblatt-Kranz), Durchmesser 86,9 mm, Silber, gefertigt aus vier zusammengelöteten Strahlenkörpern, Medaillon Gold tlw. Emailliert, Chips in der grünen Emaille, an Nadel. OEK22 2368.
Gutes sehr schön / Good very fine.
(~€ 1’870/USD 2’200)

Instituted on December 25, 1833, as originally four-class (Grand Cross, Commander 1st and 2nd class and Knight, with affiliated Cross of Merit and Medal of Merit), joint house order for civil and military merit by Friedrich, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg (1763-1834, reigned since 1787), Ernst, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (1784-1844, reigned since 1806), and Bernhard II, Erich Freund, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen (1800-1882, reigned from 1803 until1866), in commemoration of the Order of the German Honesty [Orden der Teutschen Redlichkeit], instituted in 1690 by Duke Friedrich of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (1646-1691, reigned since 1675). Every Duchy had its own type of insignia, showing the reigning duke’s cipher on the upper cross arm (1st model). In 1864 this differentiation was abolished, and so the insignia were standardized, and the collar of the order, the Knights Cross 2nd class and the Gold Medal for Merit were introduced (2nd model). As the order was a house order of the Saxe-Ernestine Ducal families, also after the collapse of monarchy, Duke Carl Eduard of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (1884-1954, reigned from 1905 until 1918) continued to confer it until 1935, when the bestowals were prohibited by the German Government. Today the order is awarded again as a house order by the Prince and head of the ducal family of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, probably only in its Grand Cross class, at an unknown date upon King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden (born 1946, reigning since 1973).
; DEUTSCHE ORDEN UND EHRENZEICHEN; SÄCHSISCHE HERZOGTÜMER, ZUSAMMEN;
; GERMAN ORDERS AND DECORATIONS; SAXON DUCHIES, TOGETHER;
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Lot 4509
Ducal Saxon-Ernestine House Order. 2nd model (without ciphers on the upper cross arm - 1864-1935), Commander’s [Komtur] Cross for military merit (with laurel wreath!) without swords (!), gold and enamels, 38.2 g, with old, but later, partly lightened neck ribbon cut. OEK22 2367.

Herzoglich Sachsen-Ernestinischer Hausorden. 2. Modell (ohne Monogramme auf dem oberen Kreuzarm - 1864-1935), Komturkreuz für Militärverdienst (mit Lorbeerkranz!) ohne Schwerter, Gold emailliert, 38,2 g, am späteren, jedoch alten, tlw. Ausgebleichten Halsband-Abschnitt. OEK22 2367.
Gutes sehr schön / Good very fine.
(~€ 1’870/USD 2’200)

The order’s statutes of December 25, 1833, in article 14 clearly define that the insignia conferred for military merit should bear laurel wreaths around the centre and crossed swords through the centre. Despite this prescription, in all classes some insignia for military merit were conferred only with laurel wreath, but without crossed swords through the centre. There is no prescriptive evidence for this practice. It can only be speculated that these crosses from an unknown date were conferred upon commissioned officers who did not win it for service in direct war action.
; DEUTSCHE ORDEN UND EHRENZEICHEN; SÄCHSISCHE HERZOGTÜMER, ZUSAMMEN;
; GERMAN ORDERS AND DECORATIONS; SAXON DUCHIES, TOGETHER;
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Lot 4510
Order of the Westfalian Crown [Ordre de la Couronne de Westfalie]. Size-reduced reduction of a 1st-class knight’s badge, edition with lion to the right and eagle’s head to the left, 34.1 x 26.3 mm, gold engraved and ciselé, and enamels, 8.2 g, without ribbon.

Orden der Westfälischen Krone. Größenreduzierte Reduktion einer Ritter-Dekoration 1. Klasse, Ausgabe mit Löwe auf der rechten Seite und Kopf des Adlers nach links gewandt, 34,1 x 26,3 mm, Gold graviert und feinst ziseliert, tlw. Emailliert, 8,2 g, ohne Band.
Fast vorzüglich / About extremely fine.
(~€ 6’540/USD 7’690)

Excellently elaborated size-reduced reduction!
; DEUTSCHE ORDEN UND EHRENZEICHEN; WESTPHALEN, KÖNIGREICH (1807-1813);
; GERMAN ORDERS AND DECORATIONS; WESTPHALIA, KINGDOM (1807-1813);
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Lot 4511
Miniature Chain, probably of a Medical Surgeon originating from Wurttemberg, with four Miniatures: 1) Kingdom of Wurttemberg: Charlotte Cross [Charlottenkreuz], silver; 2) Kingdom of Prussia: Red Cross Medal 3rd class [Rote Kreuz Medaille 3. Klasse], bronze; 3) Grand duchy of Baden: Cross for Voluntary War Aid [Kreuz für freiwillige Kriegshilfe], bronze gilt; 4) Kingdom of Serbia: Order of Saint Sava [Op Ceo Cae], 1st model (on the reverse cipher of Milan I - 1883-1901), cross 4th class, silver gilt and enamels, enamel painting. Mounted on a miniature chain with two small hooks. In addition a miniature of a knight’s cross [Cavaliere] of the Royal Italian Order of the Crown of Italy [Ordine della Corona d’Italia], silver gilt, the centres gold, and enamels, with ribbon.

Miniaturenkettchen wohl eines württembergischen Arztes mit vier Auszeichnungsminiaturen: 1) Königreich Württemberg: Charlottenkreuz, Silber; 2) Königreich Preußen: Rote Kreuz Medaille 3. Klasse, Bronze: 3) Groherzogtum Baden: Kreuz für freiwillige Kriegshilfe (1916), Bronze vergoldet; 4) Königreich Serbien: Sankt Sava-Orden [Op Ceo Cae], 1. Modell (auf dem Revers Monogramm Milans I. - 1883-1901), Kreuz 4. Klasse, Silber vergoldet und emailliert, Emaille-Malerei. Am Kettchen mit zwei Häkchen. Dazu: Königreich Italien: Orden der Krone von Italien [Ordine della Corona d’Italia], Miniatur des Ritterkreuzes [Cavaliere], Silber vergoldet, Medaillons Gold, emailliert, am Bändchen.
Gutes sehr schön / Good very fine. (5)
(~€ 95/USD 110)

• Dieses Los unterliegt bei Auslieferung in der Schweiz der Margenbesteuerung gemäss MWSTG 24a (22.5% Aufgeld inkl. Gesetzlicher Mehrwertsteuer)
• When delivered in Switzerland, this lot is subject to the margin taxation scheme in accordance with article 24a of the Federal Act on Value Added Tax (22.5% buyer’s premium incl. Statutory VAT).
; DEUTSCHE ORDEN UND EHRENZEICHEN; DIVERSES;
; GERMAN ORDERS AND DECORATIONS; MISCELLANEA;




Dieses Los unterliegt bei Auslieferung in der Schweiz der Margenbesteuerung gemäss MWSTG 24a (22.5% Aufgeld inkl. gesetzlicher Mehrwertsteuer)

When delivered in Switzerland, this lot is subject to the margin taxation scheme in accordance with article 24a of the Federal Act on Value Added Tax (22.5% buyer’s premium incl. statutory VAT)
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Lot 4512
Imperial Austrian Order of Franz Joseph. 2nd-model (about 1860 until 1918), 1st-edition (in gold - until 1916), Knight’s cross, manufacturing of Vincent Mayer’s Söhne in Vienna between 1866 and 1916, edition with „unfilled“ imperial crown, 750/000 gold and enamels, on the ring manufacturer’s indicaction and Vienna hallmark from 1866 until 1922 (3 chamois A), reverse centre can be opened, with original old triangular ribbon. BWK1 668.

Kaiserlich Österreichischer Franz Joseph-Orden. 2. Modell (ca. 1860 bis 1918), 1. Ausgabe (in Gold - bis 1916), Ritterkreuz, Anfertigung der Firma Vincent Mayer’s Söhne in Wien zwischen 1866 und 1916, Ausführung mit nicht emaillierter Kaiserkrone, 750/000 Gold emailliert, auf dem Ring Herstellerbezeichnung und Wiener Goldpunze zwischen 1866 und 1922 (3 Gamskopf A), das Revers-Medaillon kann geöffnet werden, am originalen alten Dreiecksband. BWK1 668.
Fast vorzüglich / About extremely fine.
(~€ 465/USD 550)

• Dieses Los unterliegt bei Auslieferung in der Schweiz der Margenbesteuerung gemäss MWSTG 24a (22.5% Aufgeld inkl. Gesetzlicher Mehrwertsteuer)
• When delivered in Switzerland, this lot is subject to the margin taxation scheme in accordance with article 24a of the Federal Act on Value Added Tax (22.5% buyer’s premium incl. Statutory VAT).

The originally three-class (Grand Cross, Commander and Knight) order for civil and military merit was established on December 2, 1849, by Emperor Franz Joseph I (1830-1916, reigned since 1848) on occasion of the one-year jubilee of his accession to the throne. With statute amendment of December 25, 1850, the class of Commander was divided into Commander with Star [Komtur mit Stern] and Commander [Komtur]. By February 1, 1901, the class of Officer [Offizier] was created, situated between Commander and Knight, so that the order now - as only Austrian order - had five classes. With special decree dated September 14 and December 31, 1914, for the Knights and Commanders, the war ribbon (of the cross for military merit) was introduced for war merit. For the Officer’’s cross, this was introduced in form of a rosette behind the cross on January 10, 1915, and for the Grand Cross only on August 1, 1917. Already on August 13, 1916, the war decorations for the breast stars were introduced, and so were, on December 13, 1916, the swords for all classes. With the renouncement of Emperor and King Karl I (1887-1922, reigned from 1916 until 1918 as Emperor Karl I of Austria, as King Károly IV of Hungary and Croatia and as King Karel III of Bohemia) from state affairs on November 11, 1918, for Austria and on November 13, 1918, for Hungary, the conferring of the Imperial awards ended. With the proclamation of the Republic of Austria on November 12, 1918, the monarchy and all its symbols, among which also the orders of chivalry and decorations, were de facto abolished. This was confirmed by law of April 3, 1919 [„Gesetz vom 3. April 1919 über die Aufhebung des Adels, der weltlichen Ritter- und Damenorden und gewisser Titel und Würden“], which in its § 5 declares „that the orders of chivalry and the ladies’ orders . . . are abolished“. This law, with some amendments, is still in force until present.
; EUROPÄISCHE ORDEN, EHRENZEICHEN UND MEDAILLEN; ÖSTERREICH, KAISERREICH (1804-1918);
; EUROPEAN ORDERS, DECORATIONS AND MEDALS; AUSTRIA, EMPIRE (1804-1918);




Dieses Los unterliegt bei Auslieferung in der Schweiz der Margenbesteuerung gemäss MWSTG 24a (22.5% Aufgeld inkl. gesetzlicher Mehrwertsteuer)

When delivered in Switzerland, this lot is subject to the margin taxation scheme in accordance with article 24a of the Federal Act on Value Added Tax (22.5% buyer’s premium incl. statutory VAT)
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Lot 4513
Order of Dannebrog [Dannebrog-Ordenen]. Shorter collar of the order consisting of 26 „cross“-, 13 „W“- and 13 „C5“ links, silver cast and gilt, the crosses with so-called „cold enamel“ on both sides, 163.4 g, one „C5“ link with a hook. BWK2 168.
Gutes sehr schön / Good very fine.
(~€ 3’740/USD 4’395)

The order of Dannebrog was established on October 12, 1671 by King Christian V (1646-1699, reigned since 1670) as a renovation of an older order of knighthood, established by King Waldemar II (1170-1241, reigned since 1202) in 1219. Originally consisting of only one class, King Frederik VI of Denmark and Norway (1768-1839, reigned since 1808) enlarged the order on June 28, 1808, to four classes. Further amendments were instituted by the succeeding kings until present days.
There exist two types of collars for the order before 1808 and for the Grand Crosses after 1808, the longer ones consisting of 32 „cross“-, 16 „W“- and 16 „C5“ links, and the shorter ones consisting of 26 „cross“-, 13 „W“- and 13 „C5“ links.
; EUROPÄISCHE ORDEN, EHRENZEICHEN UND MEDAILLEN; DÄNEMARK, KÖNIGREICH;
; EUROPEAN ORDERS, DECORATIONS AND MEDALS; DENMARK, KINGDOM;
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Lot 4514
Sovereign Military Order of St. John of Jerusalem, Knights of Malta. Grand Cross set of insignia, manufacturing of A. Chobillon in Paris, consisting of: sash badge, bronze gilt and enamels, ribbon ring with manufacturer’s mark, without sash ribbon, and breast star, silvered, partly gilt, and enamels, with slight hairline cracks, with pin, this with manufacturer’s mark.
Gutes sehr schön / Good very fine. (2)
(~€ 95/USD 110)

• Dieses Los unterliegt bei Auslieferung in der Schweiz der Margenbesteuerung gemäss MWSTG 24a (22.5% Aufgeld inkl. Gesetzlicher Mehrwertsteuer)
• When delivered in Switzerland, this lot is subject to the margin taxation scheme in accordance with article 24a of the Federal Act on Value Added Tax (22.5% buyer’s premium incl. Statutory VAT).

These seem to be insignia of the „oecumenical“ order under the protection of the late King of Yougoslavia, Petar [Peter] II. Karaorevi (1923-1970, reigned from 1934/1941-1941/1943).
; EUROPÄISCHE ORDEN, EHRENZEICHEN UND MEDAILLEN; MALTA, PSEUDOORDEN;
; EUROPEAN ORDERS, DECORATIONS AND MEDALS; MALTA, PSEUDO ORDERS;




Dieses Los unterliegt bei Auslieferung in der Schweiz der Margenbesteuerung gemäss MWSTG 24a (22.5% Aufgeld inkl. gesetzlicher Mehrwertsteuer)

When delivered in Switzerland, this lot is subject to the margin taxation scheme in accordance with article 24a of the Federal Act on Value Added Tax (22.5% buyer’s premium incl. statutory VAT)
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Lot 4515
Royal Norwegian Order of Saint Olav [Kongelige Norsk St. Olavsorden]. 1st model (with royal cipher of king Oscar I between the cross arms - 1847-1906), grand cross breast star, 75.6 x 74.6 mm, manufacturing of Carlman in Stockholm between 1860 and 1882, silver brillanté, gold and enamels, 54.3 g, some hairline cracks in the white enamels, with pin. BWK3 74.
Sehr selten / Very rare. Gutes sehr schön / Good very fine.
(~€ 4’675/USD 5’495)

The originally three-class (Grand Cross, Commander and Knight) order for civil and military merit was instituted by King Oscar I of Sweden and Norway (1799-1859, reigned since 1844) for the Kingdom of Norway in Union with Sweden. According to Hallberg (Hallberg, Harald: Norske dekorasjoner - Tildelt med bånd til å bæres på uniform eller sivilt antrekk. Without place 2010. Pages 35 and 36) between 1860 and 1882 a total number of 279 were awarded to Norwegians, Swedes and foreigners. But due to the strict return obligations of the insignia after the holder’s death - they were conferred again - the number of pieces actually produced is much smaller, and the number of pieces available today even smaller.
; EUROPÄISCHE ORDEN, EHRENZEICHEN UND MEDAILLEN; NORWEGEN, KÖNIGREICH, UNION MIT SCHWEDEN (BIS 1905);
; EUROPEAN ORDERS, DECORATIONS AND MEDALS; KINGDOM OF NORWAY, UNION WITH SWEDEN (UNTIL 1905);
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Lot 4516
Order „Crown of Romania“ [Ordin „Coroana României“]. 1st model (1881-1932), private manufacturing of a Grand Officer’s [Mare Ofiţer] breast star with diamonds, diam. 100,9 mm, bronze brillanté and silvered, centre silver gilt and enamels, surrounded by 16 old cut paste stones, with pin, this with an unidentified mark.
Gutes sehr schön / Good very fine.
(EUR 2’800 / USD 3’300)

On March 26, 1861, the Principality of Romania was declared independent from the Ottoman Empire and proclaimed a sovereign kingdom, and its ruler, Prince Karl of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen as King Carol I of Romania (1839-1914, reigning since 1866 as prince and since 1881 a king of Romania). On May 10, 1881, the day of his coronation, he instituted the five-class (Grand Cross, Grand Officer, Commander, Officer and Knight) order for civil and military merit, with the royal decrees no. 1244/10 V 1881 and 1245/10 V 1881 (1st model). On May 9, 1932, the order was reorganized and the design of the insigna was changed by King Carol II (1893-1953, reigned from 1930 until 1940) with royal decree no. 1590/9 V 1932 (2nd model). (See also: Weber, Wilhelm: König Karl I. - Schöpfer des modernen Rumäniens, Gründer des rumänischen Ordenswesens und Stifter des Ordens „Krone Rumäniens“. In: Orden und Ehrenzeichen, year 9 (2007), no. 48. P. 23-32.)
; EUROPÄISCHE ORDEN, EHRENZEICHEN UND MEDAILLEN; RUMÄNIEN, KÖNIGREICH (1881-1947);
; EUROPEAN ORDERS, DECORATIONS AND MEDALS; ROMANIA, KINGDOM (1881-1947);
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Lot 4517
Order of the Saint Prince Wladimir, equal to the Apostles [Имперáторский орден Свяатого Равноапостольного Князя Владимира]. Cross 1st grade, manufacturing of Julius „Ivan“ Keibel in St. Petersburg between 1862 and 1882, 57.9 x 52.7 mm, 583/000 gold and enamels, 26.5 g, enamel painting, under the red enamels of the reverse upper cross arm mark for the court suppliers from 1840 to 1917, and under the red enamels of the reverse lower cross arm master’s mark „IK“, on the loop St. Petersburg hallmark for 56 zolotnik until 1898, some enamel scratches on the reverse, without ribbon. BWK4 694.
Gutes sehr schön, schön-sehr schön / Good very fine, fine-very fine.
(~€ 6’540/USD 7’690)

Julius (Ivan) Eduard Keibel (1825-1882) had started as apprentice in the company of his father Johann Wilhelm Keibel (1788-1862) and was promoted to master goldsmith in 1844. After his father’s death in 1862, he took over his company and continued the exclusive relationship to the Chapter of the Orders. After his death in 1882, his son Albert Konstantin Keibel (1854-1910) took over the firm.
The four-grade (1st to 4th grade) order for long service of civil servants was instituted by Empress Catherine II The Great (1729-1796, reigned since 1762) on the occasion of her 20-years jubilee of reign. The order was named after Vladimir I. Swjatoslawitch [Владимир Святославич] (about 960 until 1015), called The Great, from 970 to 988 Prince of Novgorod and since about 978/980 Grand Duke of the Kiev Rus, who among others had initiated Christianisation. He is venerated in the Orthodox Church as a Saint, as well as in the Catholic church.
The conferring of the 1st class required the high 2nd court ranking class. In all classes hereditary nobility was also conferred to Russians and to foreigners in Russian service. During the reign of Paul I (1754-1801, reigned since 1796) the order was not conferred. His son and successor Alexander I (1777-1825, reigned since 1809) by manifest of December 12, 1801, restored the order, which then continued to be conferred. Due to the end of the Russian Monarchy in February 1917 also the Order of Saint Vladimir ended to be conferred, and in November 1917 the order was juridically abolished together with the other Russian Imperial orders by a decree of the Bolshevik Government.
; EUROPÄISCHE ORDEN, EHRENZEICHEN UND MEDAILLEN; RUSSLAND, KAISERREICH (BIS 1917);
; EUROPEAN ORDERS, DECORATIONS AND MEDALS; RUSSIA, EMPIRE (UNTIL 1917);
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Lot 4518
Jeton of The Society of the Standard Bearers of the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour on occasion of the renovation and re-consecration of the so-called „Kutuzovs Hut“ in Fili on September 1, 1887 (O.S.). 47.1 x 31.2 mm, silver, without any marks.
Gutes sehr schön / Good very fine.
(~€ 325/USD 385)

By command of The Society of the Standard Bearers of the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour [Храм Христа Спасителя] in Moscow, recognized by the highest authority, these jetons were issued on occasion of the renovation and re-consecration of the so-called Kutuzovs Hut in Fili on September 1, 1887 (O.S.). It was probably manufactured in the workshops of an orthodox convent (Sagorsk?) as it does not bear any marks.
The village of Fili, today part of Moscow, was situated on the street from Moscow west-ward to Borodino, where, during the Patriotic War [Отечественная война] of 1812 the on August 26 (O.S.) [September 6 (N.S.)] 1812, the battle of Borodino, one of the bloodiest of the 19th century, took place. The defending Imperial Russian Army of about 120,000 men, led by General Commander-in-Chief Mikhail Illarionovich Golenishchev-Kutuzov (1745-1813), and the invading French Grande Armée of about 130,000 men, led by Emperor Napoléon I (1769-1821, reigned from 1804 until 1814/1815) himself. The battle, with at the end about 39,000 to 45,000 casualties on the Russian side and about 30,000 to 35,000 on the French side, due to the retreat of the Russians, led to a tactical victory of Napoléon I. After the Russian retreat General Field Marshal (since August 31 (O.S.) [September 11 (.N.S.)]) Kutuzov’s staff met in a little hut in Fili, where on September 1 (O.S.) [12 (N.S.)], Kutozov took the final decision to evacuate Moscow, and to entice the Grande Armée to invade the open city. This decision led to the initiation of the decline of the Grande Armée due to the lack of replenishment and the Great Fire of the city, so that Napoléon was forced to give by mid-October the order for withdrawal of his forces from Moscow.
After the Battle of Krasnoi [Сражение под Красным] near Smolensk from November 3 (O.S.) [15 (N.S.]) to 6 (O.S.) [18 N.S.] 1812, victorious for the Russians, Emperor Alexander [Александр Павлович] I (1777-1825, reigned since 1801) elevated Kutuzov to Knyaz [Prince] Golenischev-Kutuzov-Smolensky [князь Голенищев-Кутузов-Смоленский] with the Stile of His Serene Highness [Светлейший князь]. He died on April 16 (O.S.) [28 (N.S.)] 1813 in Bunzlau (today Bolesawiec in western Poland) and was burried in the Kazan Kathedral [Казанский кафедральный собор] in Sankt Petersburg.
After Kutuzov’s death the hut was consecrated to a church as a memorial of his fundamental decision leading to the Russian victory in the Patriotic War. In occasion of 75 years jubilee of this decision, the hut was renovated and re-consecrated by the Metropolitan [Митрополит] and Archbishop of Moscow Joannice (born Ivan Maksimovich Rudnev [Иван Максимович Руднев] - 1826-1900, Metropolitan of Moscow from 1882 until 1891).
; EUROPÄISCHE ORDEN, EHRENZEICHEN UND MEDAILLEN; RUSSLAND, KAISERREICH (BIS 1917);
; EUROPEAN ORDERS, DECORATIONS AND MEDALS; RUSSIA, EMPIRE (UNTIL 1917);
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Lot 4519
Royal Order of the Northern Star [Kungliga Nordstjärneorden]. Order’s collar, type with „closed“ crowns, manufacturing by C. F. Carlman in Stockholm, consisting of 10 „FF“-links (one as a closing link and one as a link for wearing), and 10 „star“ links, silver gilt and enamels, the white enamels of the stars mostly spotted, with grand cross badge, silver gilt, centres gold, and enamels, star of the centre on obverse and reverse with damages and repairs, two cross arms with bad repairs on the reverse, total weight 384.8 g, in its original octogonal case of Carlman. BWK4 234, 235.
Gutes sehr schön, schön / Good very fine, fine.
(~€ 3’740/USD 4’395)

On February 23, 1748, King Frederik I of Sweden (1676-1751, since 1720 King of Sweden, since 1730 also Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel) established the originally two-class (commanders and knights) order together with the Order of the Seraphim and the Royal Order of the Sword [Kungliga Svärdsorden]. In 1762 King Gustav III (1746-1792, reigned since 1771) established the order’s collar for the commanders. King Oscar I (1799-1859, reigned since 1844) in 1844 established the grand cross class, called „Commander with Grand Cross“ [kommandör med storkors] and transferred the collar to this highest class. With resolution of the Swedish parliament of June 6, 1973, the conferring of the order on Swedish subjects was abolished, thus the collar ceeded to exist. On August 1, 1995, the order, reserved for foreigners only, received new statutes.
; EUROPÄISCHE ORDEN, EHRENZEICHEN UND MEDAILLEN; SCHWEDEN, KÖNIGREICH;
; EUROPEAN ORDERS, DECORATIONS AND MEDALS; SWEDEN, KINGDOM;
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Lot 4520
Group of seven (of originally eight) awards, mounted as worn: 1) Kingdom of Italy: Order of the Crown of Italy [Ordine della Corona d’Italia], knight’s cross [cavaliere], gold and enamels; 2) Sweden: Olympic medal Gustav V [Gustav V Olymposka medalj], silver, with engraver’s name „A.LINDENBERG“; 3) French Republic: National Order of the Legion of Honour [Ordre National de la Légion d’honneur], 9th model (with „Marianne“ and the year „1870“ on the obverse centre - 1870-1951), officer’s decoration [officier], 800/000 silver gilt and enamels, with slight enamel damages, with French warranty mark for 800/000 silver from 1838 until 1961 (boar’s head), with applied rosette on the ribbon; 4) Spain: Order of Isabella the Catholic [Orden de Isabel la Catolica], 2. Model (with cipher „FRO7“ or „FR“ in the reverse centre), knight’s cross [caballero], silver gilt, centres gold and enamels, finest enamel painting; 5) Czechoslovakia: Czechoslovakian Order of the White Lion [Československý řad bílého Iva], 1st model (with crowned lion - 1922-1939), cross 4th class for civil merit, silver, partly gilt, and enamels, with enamel damage, with applied rosette on the ribbon; 6) French Republic: Academic Palmes [Palmes Académiques], 2nd model (two classes, in metal - 1866-1955), decoration of an Officer of the Academy [Officier de l’Académie] (so-called „Silver Academic Palms“), silver and enamels, with enamel damages on obverse and reverse; 7) Ottoman Empire: Order of Mecidiye, 2nd modell, 2nd issue (with facettes - since about the 1870ies), decoration 5th class, manufacturing of the Ottoman mint in Constantinople during the reign of Sultan Mehmet V Reshad (1844-1918, reigned since 1909), silver brillanté, center gold and enamels, on the reverse manufacturer’s indication, surmounting halfmoon and star missing. Mounted on a Swedish style bar, with pin.
Fast vorzüglich, gutes sehr schön, sehr schön / Almost extremely fine, good very fine, very fine. (7)
(~€ 1’400/USD 1’650)

Due to the Swedish strict prescription to return the order’s insignia after the death of the holder, the here missing knight’s decoration of a Swedish Order (probably of the Royal Order of Vasa), was given back to the Swedish Chancery of the Orders of Chivalry.
; EUROPÄISCHE ORDEN, EHRENZEICHEN UND MEDAILLEN; SCHWEDEN, KÖNIGREICH;
; EUROPEAN ORDERS, DECORATIONS AND MEDALS; SWEDEN, KINGDOM;
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